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Chapter 17 and 18- Coach Jed
Terms in this set (49)
Movement of plates along faults, such as the North Anatolian Fault, has produced ___________ in the Northeast.
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers gradually converge in ______________, almost touching near Baghdad.
Due to Turkey's dry climate and mild temperatures, ____________ dominate the interior areas.
Turkey's valuable ____________ are found in the valley's deltas, and basins of lowland areas.
The __________ serves as an important transportation link between Iran and other Asian countries.
A system of writing based on cuneiform was developed by the __________.
Sumerian architecture included _____________, which were large, pyramid shaped temples constructed of mud bricks.
The ___________ are an ethnic group that has lived in the Northeast for thousands of years but still have no country of their own.
The major economic resources in the Northeast are oil and __________.
The ________ supports Iran's fishing industry.
Iraq has had major problems with overgrazing and deforestation, which have left the soil exposed to erosion during __________.
The population of urban areas in the Northeast has been growing, which has caused a rise in __________.
Supporters of GAP state that ___________ is a relatively clean way to address rising energy needs.
Environmentalists have placed a heavy emphasis on reducing Turkey's historical dependence on__________, which is highly polluting.
In recent decades the Iraqi government has drained marshes to create farmland, to divert water for agriculture, and in the late 1990s, ________________.
to retaliate against people opposed to Saddam Hussein.
Due to high mountains that block moisture from major bodies of water, much of the inland areas of the Northeast experiences which type of climate?
arid or semi-arid
Which of the following very active fault lines is about 750 miles (1200 km) in length and extends across much of Turkey?
Today majority of people living in the Northeast region are _________.
Iran and Iraq joined with several oil-producing neighbors to form OPEC, which agreed to regulate oil production in order to ___________
keep oil prices high.
The Persian Empire arose to the east of Mesopotamia, across the Zagros Mountains in present day ___________, before spreading across the region.
About 5,000 years ago, the Sumerians developed a code of writing as well as __________
a code of law and system for mathematics.
Agriculture in Iraq has been negatively impacted due to soils that have become increasingly ____________.
Problems with ____________ in Iraq raised the concern of the U.S. military officials, who worried about the effects on American soldiers stationed there.
The ___________ Mountains were formed by the collision of the Eurasian and Arabian plates.
The rich alluvial soils of Mesopotamia supported the development of __________, which led to the growth of villages, and then civilizations.
Explain the events and factors that have caused the Kurds to seek independence. Use and define the term 'Kurdistan' in your answer.
The Kurds are an ethnic group that has lived for thousands of years in the mountainous border areas of Turkey, Iraq, and Iran. While Kurds have no country of their own, they call the land they live in "Kurdistan", which means "Land of the Kurds." In 1984, the Kurdish nationalist organization, Kurdistan Workers' Party (PKK), launched an armed campaign against Turkey. Their actions caused the Turkish government to retaliate and caused more PKK attacks. Some Kurds continue to seek independence in the hopes of gaining their own country.
The deserts that cover most of the Arabian Peninsula have significant _____________
winds that bring deadly heat and choking dust.
The Arabian Peninsula is surrounded by _________
important shipping routes.
The most important resources on the Arabian Peninsula are _______________
oil and freshwater.
Which of the following correctly describes the Red Sea?
It forms the the Arabian Peninsula's western boundary and is widening as tectonic plates separate.
Wadis are unreliable sources of water because ___________
so little rain falls that they are often dry and empty.
The largest agricultural and human settlements in the region are located mainly __________
along the coastal lowlands.
The primary religion in the region is ________
Religious people in the region see making a _______ as part of their duty to Allah, or God.
hajj to Makkah
The way physical, human, and economic geography impact government policy is a relationship known as _________
Climate change in the region has impacted temperatures, rainfall, and sea level in the following ways: ________
increased temperatures, decreased rainfall, rising sea level.
The negative consequences of turning saltwater into freshwater include that _________
its production is energy-intensive and resulting brine can contaminate local groundwater.
On the Arabian Peninsula, seawater converted to freshwater is mostly used for __________
Intentional and accidental oil spills have harmed the _________ industry in the Persian Gulf.
Push and pull factors refer to ________
the reasons people leave and are drawn to the Arabian Peninsula.
The Red Sea is an important resource because it ___________
contains an unusually hardy coral reef.
Nomadic Bedouin tribes moved from place to place because ___________
they needed to move their herd from one desert oasis to another.
How have the countries in the Arabian Peninsula managed freshwater, their most precious resource?
Most have drawn top heavily from aquifers and wasted it with poor irrigation methods.
The __________ industry produces the most soil, air, and water pollution in the region.
To reduce the environmental impact of agriculture, countries in the region are _________
buying farmland overseas and building greenhouses at home.
The actions of ________ threaten the stability of the region.
insurgents, al-Qaeda militants, and pirates
The Arabian Shield has ________
volcanic mountains and an escarpment along the west coast.
The ________ industry provides significant wealth to most nations in the region.
The major source of conflict between the two branches of Islam is disagreement over __________
whether relatives of Muhammad should be his successors.
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