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W Geo Ch17&18 Study Guide
Terms in this set (48)
Movement of plates along faults, such as the North Anatolian Fault, has produced ________ in the Northeast.
The Tigris and Euphrates rivers gradually converge in ________, almost touching near Baghdad.
Due to Turkey's dry climate and mild temperatures, ________ dominate the interior areas.
Turkey's valuable ________ are found in the valleys, deltas, and basins of the lowland areas.
The ________ serves as an important transportation link between Iran and other Asian countries.
A system of writing based on cuneiform was developed by the
Sumerian architecture included ________, which were large, pyramid-shaped temples constructed of mud bricks.
The ________ are an ethnic group that has lived in the Northeast for thousands of years but still have no country of their own.
The major economic resources in the Northeast are oil and
The ________ supports Iran's fishing industry.
Iraq has had major problems with overgrazing and deforestation, which have left the soil exposed to erosion during
The population of urban areas in the Northeast has been growing, which has caused a rise in
Supporters of GAP state that ________ is a relatively clean way to address rising energy needs.
Environmentalists have placed a heavy emphasis on reducing Turkey's historical dependence on ________, which is highly polluting.
to retaliate against people opposed to Saddam Hussein.
In recent decades the Iraqi government has drained marshes to create farmland, to divert water for agriculture, and in the late 1990s,
arid or semi-arid
Due to high mountains that block moisture from major bodies of water, much of the inland areas of the Northeast experiences which type of climate?
Which of the following very active fault lines is about 750 miles (1200 km) in length and extends across much of Turkey?
Today the majority of people living in the Northeast region are
keep oil prices high
Iran and Iraq joined with several oil-producing neighbors to form OPEC, which agreed to regulate oil production in order to
The Persian Empire arose to the east of Mesopotamia, across the Zagros Mountains in present-day ________, before spreading across the region.
a code of law and system of mathematics
About 5,000 years ago, the Sumerians developed a code of writing as well as
Agriculture in Iraq has been negatively impacted due to soils that have become increasingly
Problems with ________ in Iraq raised the concern of U. S. military officials, who worried about the effects on American soldiers stationed there.
The ________ Mountains were formed by the collision of the Eurasian and Arabian plates.
The rich alluvial soils of Mesopotamia supported the development of ________, which led to the growth of villages, and then civilizations.
winds that bring deadly heat and choking dust
The deserts that cover most of the Arabian Peninsula have significant
important shipping routes
The Arabian Peninsula is surrounded by
oil and freshwater
The most important resources on the Arabian Peninsula are
It forms the Arabian Peninsula's western boundary and is widening as tectonic plates separate
Which of the following correctly describes the Red Sea?
so little rain falls that they are often dry and empty
Wadis are unreliable sources of water because
along the coastal lowlands
The largest agriculture and human settlements in the region are located mainly
The primary religion in the region is
hajj to Makkah
Religious people in the region see making a ________ as part of their duty to Allah, or God.
The way physical, human, and economic geography impact government policy is a relationship known as
increased temperatures, decreased rainfall, rising sea level
Climate change in the region has impacted temperatures, rainfall, and sea level in the following ways:
its production is energy-intensive and resulting brine can contaminate local groundwater
The negative consequences of turning salt water into freshwater include that
On the Arabian Peninsula, seawater converted to freshwater is mostly used for
Intentional and accidental oil spills have harmed the ________ industry in the Persian Gulf.
the reasons people leave and are drawn to the Arabian Peninsula
Push and pull factors refer to
contains an unusually hardy coral reef
The Red Sea is an important resource because it
they needed to move their herds from one desert oasis to another
Nomadic bedouin tribes moved from place to place because
Most have drawn too heavily from aquifers and wasted it with poor irrigation methods.
How have countries in the Arabian Peninsula managed freshwater, their most precious resource?
The ________ industry produces the most soil, air, and water pollution in the region.
buying farmland overseas and building greenhouses at home
To reduce the environmental impact of agriculture, countries in the region are
insurgents, al-Qaeda militants, and pirates
The actions of ________ threaten the stability of the region.
a vast bowl shape with steep escarpments on the east and west sides.
The Arabian Shield has
The ________ industry provides significant wealth to most nations in the region.
whether relatives of Muhammad should be his successors.
The major source of conflict between the two branches of Islam is disagreement over
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