254 terms

U.S. History STAAR Review


Terms in this set (...)

1492 ?
columbus lands in america
Why is columbus's landing in america important?
Europe begins to colonize in america
Jamestown founded
What is the significance of Jamestown?
First permanent English settlement
Mayflower Compact
What impact has the mayflower compact have on government?
Helps establish idea of self government
king philip's war
What was king philip's war ?
War between New England colonists and Native Americans allows settlers to expand further into Indian lands
Bacon's Rebellion
What was the first permanent English colony in America?
When was the Declaration of Independence written?
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
Thomas Jefferson
What war inspired the Declaration of Independence?
American Revolution
What years were the American Revolution fought?
When was the Constitutional Convention?
What war was sparked by the Impressment of American citizens, British incitement of Native Americans, and taking of American ships?
War of 1812
Who did the US purchase the Louisiana Territory from?
Napoleon for $5,000,000
What year was this purchase made that doubled the size of the US?
What year was Texas annexed into the US?
After Texas was annexed, what war started as a result of the US wanted the Rio Grande border and American soldiers being attack on supposedly American soil?
Mexican War 1846-1848
What treaty ended the Mexican War?
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
What land was acquired from the Treaty of Guadalupe (New Mexico, Arizona,etc?)
Mexican Cession
What compromise allowed Missouri to become a slave state and Maine free, and provided a balance of power between free and slave states?
Missouri Compromise
What war was caused by states rights, slavery, tariffs, economic differences, and cultural difference?
Civil War 1861-1865
HE was responsible for the success of Jamestown
John Smith
She kept the peace between the colonist of Jamestown and Powhatan tribe
Who was King Philip, who fought a war over land between 1675-1676?
Metacom, leader of the Wampanoag tribe
They were responsible for tax supported education and a good work ethic?
People who made a religious journey to the Plymouth colony
He was a free African American ho was an astronomer, mathematician, and help design Washington D.C.
Benjamin Banneker
He was considered a friend of mankind. He also developed the Albany Plan of Union (Join or Die)
Benjamin Franklin
Father of his country and Commander of the Continental Army during the American Revolution
George Washington
His famous accomplishment while president was purchasing the Louisiana TErritory
Thomas Jefferson
Father of the Constitution
James Madison
He was a federalist and first treasurer of the US
Alexander Hamilton
King of Great Britain during the American Revolution
King George III
A person who sells his or her labor in exchange for passage to America (3 to 7 years)
Indentured servant
A person bought and sold as property and forced to work (for life)
One of the first women to recognize women's rights and remind her husband John Adams to remember the ladies
Abigail Adams
She organized the women's rights movement in 1848
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
She was a former slave that traveled telling the truth about slavery
Sojourner Truth
They were hired to explore the Louisiana Territory
Lewis and Clark
She was the main guide for Lewis and Clark
He was the first man to die for our country's independence in the Boston Massacre
Crispus Attucks
People who settled in Pennsylvania that believed in equality for all and helped slaves on the underground railroad
He as a former slave and spoke out on woman's rights and abolishing slavery
Fredrick Douglass
He was a slave who led a slave revolt in 1830
Nat Turner
He attacked Harper's Ferry to get weapons to lead a slave revolt in 1859
John Brown
He preached sermons of hell during the Great Awakening in the 1730's
Jonathan Edwards
He started a rebellion over lack of protection against Native Americans on the frontier and high taxes
Nathaniel Bacon
They were a group who traveled to Utah to escape persecution in the east
Who was the leader of the Mormons?
Brigham Young
They mined for gold in California during the gold rush
A French nobleman who served in Washington's army
Marques de Lafayette
a Shawnee who led Native American resistance to white rule in the Ohio River Valley (land rights)
He warned the minutemen that the British were coming during the American Revolution
Paul Revere
Member of the House of Burgesses that resisted British taxes ( Give me liberty or give me death)
Patrick Henry
He wrote the Star Spangled Banner during the War of 1812
Francis Scott Key
he developed a writing system that taught the Cherokees to read
Writer of Common Sense during the American Revolution
Thomas Paine
Argued that people have natural rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
John Locke
He went to trial for criticizing the government and won (freedom of the press)
John Peter Zenger
Conductor on the Underground Railroad
Harriett Tubman
President that wanted rule by the people including the common man
Andrew Jackson
16th president served during the Civil War did not want slavery to spread into the territories
Abraham Lincoln
Supporter of public education and college
Horace Mann
A former slave that became a famous Mountain Man
James Beckwourth
Economic reason for colonization
Unemployed farmers in England, opportunity, source of raw materials, and inflation
Social reason for colonization
Climbing the ladder of opportunity
Political reason for colonization
No more kings and queens. Vote for your own leaders
Religious reason for colonization
Free to choose your own religion
1st Amendment
Freedom of religion, speech, assembly, press, and petition
2nd Amendment
Bear arms
3rd Amendment
No quartering of soldiers
4th Amendment
No unreasonable search and seizure
5th Amendment
Due process of law (no double jeopardy, no self-incrimination)
6h Amendment
Fair and speedy trial
7th Amendment
Trial by jury
8th Amendment
Reasonable bail, and no cruel or unusual punishment
9th Amendment
Constitutional rights do not deny other rights
10th Amendment
French and Indian War
What was the significance of the French and Indian War?
The british defeated the French and gained control of most of the northern and eastern parts of North America
First continental congress
What happened due to the first continental congress?
colonists protested against English policies.
Battles of Lexington and Concord
What battle was the shot heard round the world?
Battle of Concord
What was the significance of the battles of lexington and concord?
First battles of the american revolution
Decleration of independence
What happened when Thomas Jefferson wrote the decleration of independence?
Colonies broke away from England
Articles of Confederation ratified
What did the Articles of Confederation do ?
First american government
Treaty of Paris signed
What treaty ended the american revolution?
Treaty of Paris
Shay's Rebellion
What did the Shay's Rebellion do to the politicians?
Makes politicians realize that they need a stronger national government
constitution ratified
What did the ratification of the constitution do?
becomes blueprint for american government
cotton gin invented
How did the cotton gin help the southern economy?
makes producing cotton much cheaper
Whiskey Rebellion
What was the significance of the Whiskey Rebellion?
National government proves that it has the power to enforce the laws.
Louisiana Purchase
What did the louisiana purchase do to the United States?
Doubles the size of the country
lewis and clark expedition
How did the lewis and clark expedition help the united states?
Expedition explores America's new territories
War of 1812
What does america prove during the war of 1812?
America proves it can defend it's self
Missouri Compromise
What is the significance of the missouri compromise?
Preserves balance between free and slave states
Monroe Doctrine
What did the monroe doctrine do ?
it states that europe should stay out of america
Tariff of Abominations
What does the Tariff of Abominations do?
leads southerners to create the doctrine of nullification, an extreme states' rights
Nat Turner's Rebellion
What does the Nat turner's Rebellion do?
causes southern states to pass stricter slave laws
texas independence
What happened during the texas independence?
Texas revolts from mexico
Trail of tears
What was the trail of tears?
cherokees forced to move to the west
war with mexico
What was the war of mexico?
america acquires much of the southwest
California gold rush
What was the california gold rush?
many americans settle the west coast
Dred scott decision
What did the dred scott decision do?
increases tension between north and south
lincoln becomes president
What happens when lincoln's president?
causes southern states to secede
shots fired at fort sumter
What was the significance of fort sumter?
beginning of civil war
emancipation proclamation
He memorized textile machine blueprints from Britian
Samuel Slater
Invented the cotton gin (increased slavery) and interchangeable parts
Eli Whitney
Robert Fulton
A strong national market where the US was more self sufficient
American System (internal improvements)
Lee surrenders at Appomattox Court House
What event ended the civil war?
Appomattox Court House
Reconstruction ends
What happens when reconstruction ended?
White southerners regain control of their state governments
movement to end slavery
colonial region that ran along the appalanchain mountains
Rebellion by americans against mexican rule in california in 1846
Bear flag revolt
limited rights of former slaves
black codes
when u refuse to buy a product
departments who serve the president
rights granted to all citizens
civil rights
colonial force headed by george washington
continental army
a groups way of life
to reject
no ships in and no ships out
an agreement to respect the right of englishmen including right of elections
english bill of rights 1689
use of reason and scientific method
severe food shortage (Irish suffered this and came to america)
crop sold for money (cotton and tobacco)
Cash crop
First battle of the Civil Warr
Fort Sumter 1861 (South Carolina)
Southern states that seceded
Confederate States
Northern States
Document that freed slaves in the Confederacy
Emancipation Proclamation 1863
Battle where 51,000 soldiers died and a turning point for the North
Gettysburg 1863
Site of last battle and surrender of Confederacy
Appomattox Courthouse 1865
Amendment that ended slavery
13th Amendment
Amendment that granted Black citizenship
14th Amendment
Gave Black males the right to vote
15th Amendment
Movement to end slavery
Colonial region that ran along the Appalachian Mountains
Rebellion by Americans against Mexican rule in California in 1846
Bear Flag Revolt
Limited rights of former slaves
Black codes
Refuse to buy
Departments who serve the President
Rights granted to all citizens
civil rights
Colonial force headed by George Washington
Continental Army
A group's way of life
To reject
No ships in and no ships out
An agreement to respect the right of Englishmen including the right of elections
English Bill of Rights 1689
Use of reason and scientific method
Severe food shortage (Irish suffered this and came to America)
Crop sold for money (cotton and tobacco)
Cash crop
Power is shared among the federal government and states
Supporter of the Constitution
A war between France and Great Britain over the Ohio Valley area
French and Indian War 1754-1763
An 1850 law to recapture runaway slaves
Fugitive slave act
Revival of Religious faith
Great Awakening
Mill that grounds grain
First representative assembly in the colonies
House of Burgesses 1619
Person who settles in a new country
1830 act that relocated Native Americans west
power is shared among the federal government and states
supporter of the constitution
a war between france and great britain over the ohio river valley
French and indian war
an 1850 law to recapture runaway slaves
fugitive slave act
revival of religious faith
great awakening
mill that grounds grain
first representative assembly in the colonies
house of burgesses
person who settles in a new country
1830 act that relocated native americans west
Indian removal act
increase of price of goods and decrease the value of money
a part that is exactly like another part
interchangeable parts
idea of spreading political power to all of the people
Jacksonian Democracy
separation of blacks and whites in public places
jim crow
supreme court has final say in interpreting the constitution (determines if laws are constitutional)
judicial review
1854 law that gave kansas and nebraska the right to decide slavery
kansas-nebreska act
system in which states or people decide on issues such as slavery
popular sovereignty
person who buys large areas of land for low prices and sells it for higher
land speculator
person supporting the british in the american revolution
person supporting the rebels in the american revolution
"great charter", document that gurantees basic political rights to english citizens
magna carta 1215
an agreement which called for laws of the general good of the colony and self-government
mayflower compact
region of land given up by mexico after the war with mexico
mexican cession
system of trade in which goods and slaves were exchanged between africa, england,europe, and the west indies
triangular trade
voyage from africa to america that brought slaves
middle passage
member of the colonial militia
opposed european interference in the western hemisphere
monroe doctrine 1823
feeling of pride and loyalty to ones country
native born americans who wanted to elimiante foreign influence
not siding with one country or other
england's cheif law making body
belief that some people are inferior because of their race
process of readmitting the confederate states after the civil war
government should be based on the consent of the people (power to vote and elect representatives)
party formed in 1854 to oppose slavery in the west
republican party
government income
to withdraw
seperation of races
giving jobs to political backers or supporters
spoils system
states have the rights to judge on laws
states right
produces only enough food for the family
subsistence farming
right to vote
tax on imported goods
stop drinking
tragic journey of cherokees from their homeland to indian territory
trail of tears 1838-1839
novel written by harriet beecher stowe telling the horrors of slavery
uncle tom's cabin
destiny of the us to get land from coast to coast
manifest destiny
more gold coming in than going out (selling more than you buy) or a balance of trade
each branch of government checking the other
checks and balances
hands off policy of england toward the colonies in the 1700's
salutary neglect
tariff to encourage americans to buy american product(help us manufacturing)
protective tariff
soldiers for hire
groups of colonist exchanging letters on colonial affairs
committees of correspondence
crisis in which banks closed and stock market crashed
panic of 1837
severe economic problems
group that opposed british policies during the american revolution
sons of liberty
1739 uprising of slaves in south carolina
stono rebellion
referring to the city
in the country (farms)
people who made a religious journey to the plymouth colony
free african american who was an astronomer mathematician and help design washington D.C.
Benjamin Banneker
he was considered a friend to mankind. he also developed the albany plan of union( join or die)
benjamin franklin
father of his country and commander of the continental army during the american revolution
george washington
famous accomplishment while president was purchasing the louisiana territory
thomas jefferson
father of the constitution
james madison
he was a federalist and first treasurer of the us
alexander hamilton
king of great britain
king of george III
person who sells his or her labor in exchange for passage to america(3 to 7 years)
indentured servant