Organisms capture, use, and store energy in biological processes such as growth, reproduction and maintaining homeostatic processes.
Organisms must exchange matter with the environment to grow, reproduce, and maintain organization.
Growth and dynamic homeostasis is maintained by the constant movement of molecules across membranes.
Eukaryotic cells maintain internal membranes that partition the cell into specialized regions.
Organisms use negative feedback mechanisms to maintain their internal environments and respond to external environmental changes.
Timing and coordination of several events are necessary for the normal development of an organism, and these events require regulation by multiple mechanisms.
In most eukaryotes, heritable information is passed to the next generation through mitosis or meiosis plus fertilization.
Mendelian genetics provides a basic understanding of the underlying causes of the pattern traits from parent to offspring.
Cells can be activated, produce new products, and retain their activated state through gene regulation
Cell communication involves processes resulting from evolution that are shared common features.
Cells communicate with each other through direct contact with other cells or from a distance via chemical signaling.
Organisms exchange information with each other in response to internal changes and external cues, which may change behavior.
The subcomponents of a biological polymer and their sequence determine the properties of that polymer.
Interactions of subcellular structures, including a repertory of eukaryotic organelles possessing specialized functions, provide essential cellular functions and activities.
Interactions between external stimuli and gene expression result in specialization of cells, tissues, and organs.