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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. higher-order conditioning
  2. classical conditioning
  3. delay of reinforcement
  4. John B. Watson
  5. stimulus generalization
  1. a he tried to condition an emotional response in a small child
  2. b a method of getting an organism to perform a behavior by presenting a stimulus that would not ordinarily elicit that behavior
  3. c associating a new neutral stimulus with a previously conditioned CS so that the new stimulus eleicits the original CR
  4. d if a stimulus is similar enough to a CS the stimulus will also produce the CR
  5. e if there is long time lag between the behavior and its consequence, conditioning may not occur

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. your teacher skips a required book report because the class average is an A+
  2. a term that includes the idea that organisms tend to learn fastest behaviors that affect survival
  3. which schedule of reinforcement is this: a bass fisherman casts dozens of times but only catches a few bass?
  4. a pat on the back would be one, but water would not be
  5. Bandura's idea that our behavior, our psychology and our environment all affect each other

5 True/False questions

  1. exposure therapya type of therapy designed to present a patient with a phobic object and help the patient overcome the phobia


  2. Lev Vygotskyhe believed the best way for children to learn is for them to "construct" their own knowledge


  3. token economya type of operant conditioning in which points are earned for good behavior and the points can be redeemed for treats


  4. overjustification effectthat excessive reinforcement, especially with external rewards, can reduce behavior that had been driven primarily by intrinsic motivtion


  5. passive avoidancekeeping away from an unpleasant stimulus by performing a particular behavior; eg, pressing a lever to prevent an electric shock