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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. token economy
  2. aversive conditioning
  3. Edward Tolman
  4. latent learning
  5. counter-conditioning
  1. a a method of reducing unwanted behavior by pairing the behavior with an unpleasant stimulus
  2. b a general term for breaking the CS-CR relationship when the CR is undesireable; it works by replacing the CR with a different, desireable CR
  3. c he developed the idea of cognitive maps
  4. d a type of operant conditioning in which points are earned for good behavior and the points can be redeemed for treats
  5. e it is acquired without conscious effort or awareness or reinforcement; and it may not appear until needed

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. a desire to do something for its own sake, because one finds the behavior rewarding in itself
  2. keeping away from an unpleasant stimulus by refraining from performing a particular behavior
  3. it elicits the same response as, for example, Pavlov's dog food
  4. behavior reinforced on this schedule is most likely to be performed at a high rate in a short time
  5. a method for controlling physiological processes by monitoring them

5 True/False questions

  1. delay of reinforcementyour teacher skips a required book report because the class average is an A+


  2. Ivan Pavlovwhich schedule is this: your math teacher gives you 10 extra credit points for every 20 extra problems you solve?


  3. BF Skinnerhe developed the schedules of reinforcement through his research with pigeons


  4. John B. Watsonhis experiments in injecting animals with drugs that made them nauseous after feeding them a certain food helped to establish the idea that organisms learn best behaviors that affect survival


  5. unlearned behavioran example of this is a bird's being able to build a nest