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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. counter-conditioning
  2. overlearning
  3. unlearned behavior
  4. spontaneous recovery
  5. reinforcer
  1. a continuing to study or practice even after one is confident of some skill or knowledge
  2. b an example of this is a bird's being able to build a nest
  3. c a general term for breaking the CS-CR relationship when the CR is undesireable; it works by replacing the CR with a different, desireable CR
  4. d when a previously-conditioned CS that has been allowed to go extinct once again elicits the CR
  5. e a general term for something that tends to elicit more of a behavior

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. he developed the idea of cognitive maps
  2. Martin Seligman developed this idea after experiments in which dogs were shocked; some had the opportunity to escape from the shocks, others did not
  3. a type of learning described by Kohler after his research involving apes stacking boxes to get bananas
  4. an organism's ability to distinguish two similar stimuli to determine which one will in fact be reinforced
  5. he described the Zone of Proximal Development as tasks a little harder than what a child can already do, tasks that children can learn with adult guidance

5 True/False questions

  1. overjustification effectthat excessive reinforcement, especially with external rewards, can reduce behavior that had been driven primarily by intrinsic motivtion


  2. schedules of reinforcementif there is long time lag between the behavior and its consequence, conditioning may not occur


  3. Ivan Pavlovwhich schedule is this: your math teacher gives you 10 extra credit points for every 20 extra problems you solve?


  4. superstitiona belief that rests on magical forces; people retain this belief if it is occasionally reinforced


  5. fixed intervalemployees in good standing get the week between Christmas and New Year's off every year