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Communication Sciences and Disorders
Terms in this set (63)
Refers to the process of sharing information between two or more persons, or more specifically, "the transmission of thoughts or feelings from the mind of a speaker to the mind of a listener"
What are the four principals know as Grice's Maxims?
1. Quantity 2. Quality 3. Relevance 4. Manner
The "socially shared code that uses a conventional system of arbitrary symbols to represent ideas about the world that are meaningful to others who know the same code",arbitrary, you can write to transmit ideas, cognitive process. It is NOT speech.
Refers to the meaning of language- the words we use and the meaning behind them.
How words, sentences, and sounds are organized and arranged to convey content.
How language is used functionally for meeting personal and social needs.
The rules of language governing the meaning of individual words and word combinations.
The rules of language governing the internal organization of sentences.
The rules of language governing the internal organization of words.
The rules of language governing the sounds we use to make syllables and words.
The rules of language governing how language is used for social purposes. ex. eye contact, proxemics
The ability to deliberately scrutinize language as an object of attention
The neuromuscular process that allows humans to express language as a vocal product. How individuals communicate, can produce sound with out meaning (thats why it is not a language) exists in the absence of meaning/ language, system of sounds
The smallest unit of sound
What are the four essential building blocks of normal speech?
1. Breathstream 2. voice 3. articulation 4. fluency
Speech requires precision in phoneme production.
What is expressive language?
Any thing verbal
What is receptive language?
Pointing, looking, recognizing
What is an example of expressive language?
Giving a lecture on communication and science disorders.
What is an example of receptive language?
Pointing at the blackboard
What are the three domains of language?
Use, form, and content
What is fast mapping?
begins 18-24 months. The initial exposure to a word and there is quick general sense of its meaning.
What is phonological awareness?
counting # of sounds in a word. The child's understanding of and sensitivity to the sound units of oral language. (phonemes, syllables, and words)
What is under extension?
A child takes a newly learned word and associates it with a specific thing instead of a category of that thing.
What is an example of under extension?
Calling a chihuahua a dog but saying a Dalmatian is not a dog.
what is over extension?
When a child uses a word in a broad category
What is an example of over extension?
Your dad has a mustache, so all men with a mustache are daddy
At what age does a vocabulary spurt happen?
What does the term dysphagia refer to?
What is the frontal lobe responsible for?
executive functions (problem solving, planning, creating, reasoning, decision making), largest lobe,
What is the parietal lobe responsible for?
comprehending oral and written language/ perceiving and integrating sensory and perceptual information.
What is the occipital lobe responsible for?
receives and processes visual information
What is the temporal lobe responsible for?
important site for human communication. Contains auditory cortex (heschls gyrus) Wernickes area (language comprehension)
If you have a stroke and it affects language comprehension, what area is damaged?
Wernickes area (temporal lobe)
Standard scores are characterized by the number of standard deviations away from the mean. True or False?
A screening asks if a person has communication disorder. True or false?
False, and assessment does.
Which type of assessment instrument is most useful for determining individual level of achievement or skill in a particular area of communication?
Criterion reference assessment
Which type of assessment instrument is most useful for determining individual level of achievement or skill in a particular area of communication in a specific age group?
Normal reference assessment
third person singular (-s) is an example of a ?
What is the trigeminal (V)nerve responsible for?
facial sensation (jaw movement, including chewing)
What is facial (VII) never responsible for?
Taste sensation, facial movement (including smiling)
What is acoustic (VIII) responsible for?
Hearing and balance
What is glossopharyngeal (IX) responsible for?
Tongue sensation, Palatal and pharyngeal movement. ex. gagging
What is vagus (X) responsible for?
taste sensation. palatal, pharyngeal, and laryngeal movement. ex. voicing
What is accessory (XI) nerve responsible for?
palatal, pharyngeal, laryngeal head and shoulder movement.
What is hypoglossal (XII) nerve responsible for?
What is the CNS (central nervous system) made up of?
brain and spinal cord
What is the PNS (peripheral nervous system) made up of?
a system of nerves connected to the brainstem and spinal cord
What age is present progressive -ing acquired at?
What age is past tense -ed acquired at?
What age is third person singular -s acquired at?
What is the difference between a language difference and a language disorder?
A language difference is a dialect or culture, and a language disorder is significant difficulty in one or more aspects of communication.
Infancy is birth to?
What is the phonation stage?
0-1 month/ very first kinds of sounds infants produce ex. crying, fussing, burping, coughing
what is gooing and cooing stage?
2-3 months consonant like and vowel like sounds ex. koooo, gaaaa
What is expansion stage?
4-6 months infants produce yells, growls, squeals, and produce marginal babbling
What is canonical babbling?
4-6 months ma ma, didi, guhguh same vowel/consonant over and over/ using true consonants and true vowels in various combinations
what is variegated babbling?
9 months dabi, dama, uses true consonants and true vowels in various combinations, conversations but not saying any thing (bunch of gibberish)
what is marginal babbling?
no repetition of vowel or consonants. ex. ma......
What is the difference between screening and an evaluation?
A screening is a quick test or task to check an individuals performance in a particular area.
Standard deviation is +-
Normal curve is between
the mean is
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