Social Stratification Exam 3
Terms in this set (40)
term used by Max Weber to refer to prestige within a community of recognition
traditional, charismatic, and rational
What are Weber's three types of authority?
Research on the attitudes and hopes for children help by families of different social classes
Approached the topic of social capital from the viewpoint of network analysis
Argued that social ties are essential in information flows, especially tips that might help people advance their social position
Researcher who evaluated opportunities and performance of minority students compared to white students
refers to the special character of the United States as a uniquely free nation based on democratic ideals and personal liberty
Coercion, Authority, Manipulation
What did C Wright Mills say were the three types of power?
contends that these two great forces- democracy and globalization- are closely linked
studied the residents of low income housing in a book titled Ain't No Makin' It, Hallway Hangers and Brothers
Featherman and Hauser
Study on intergenerational social mobility- sons compared to fathers by occupation
Blau and Duncan
Researchers who say a father's education and occupation leads to son's education and occupation
Did a study on social inequality
Questions whether education can be used to achieve equal opportunity in society, Education reform does not correlate with higher incomes, Family background is key for adult success
Wrote books about school funding called Savage inequalities and Shame of the nation
Found that employees themselves often clearly knew which of them were on the fast track and which were dead in their tracks
Finance, insurance, and real estate businesses
What are FIRE enterprises?
Gary, Detroit, Milwaukee
What are the most segregated cities?
New York, New Jersey, Long Island, Miami, LA
What are the cities with the greatest income inequality?
New Orleans, Louisiana
What are the cities with the highest poverty rates?
Overland Park, Kansas
What are the cities with the lowest poverty rates?
the ability to understand the symbols and elements of high culture and so move confidently in elite social circles
the extent and quality of social relationships, which allow individuals to pursue their economic goals and advance their careers
an individual's standing in a ranking of positions based on education, occupation, or income
social honor and marks of distinction, respect, and recognition
bourgeois bohemians, Brooks' most famously coined term albeit one not often used outside of the context of his works, is an abbreviated form of the words bourgeois and bohemian, suggesting a fusion of two distinct social classes (the counter-cultural, hedonistic and artistic bohemian, and the white collar, capitalist bourgeois)
the monopolization of the makers of prestige through the denial of access to others
Thorstein Veblen's term for the ways people use consumption as a means to establish social position
a group of people with a similar position in the economic process of production and exchange
formally constituted political group, typically operating on a national basis, that contests elections and attempts to form or take part in a government
a contribution to a political party that is not accounted as going to a particular candidate, thus avoiding various legal limitations
persons in society who hold positions of great wealth and power and who make the big decisions that affect the life of the nation
a view of society as divided among varying interest groups all of which are jockeying for power and position, with the ultimate decisions depending on who can build the winning coalition of voters and supporters
the practice of members of a corporate board of directors serving on the boards of multiple corporations. A person that sits on multiple boards is known as a multiple director.
Paradox of democracy
The theory says that increases in the level of education of the population increase the quality of our democracies. The paradox is that in the last several decades we had unprecedented increases in educational enrolments (to the extent that we have now more people with university education than ever before in the history of humanity), but the quality of our democracies is not increasing at the same rate. Some would even claim that is not increasing at all, or that is decreasing.
the movement of people both upward and downward in a stratified system, intergenerational, intragenerational, structural
the tendency of people to remain in their social class of origin and to replicate the experiences of their parents
how an individual reaches a particular socioeconomic status
A process that can occur if lower-income groups have more children than higher-income groups, so that some born into low-income families can experience upward social mobility
a situation in which economic growth and expansion make more room at the top, allowing more people to move up in socioeconomic status
mobility occurring in a social system that is open to immigrants who mostly enter near the bottom and push others up into better occupational levels
mobility that occurs when some move up while others drop in the system
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