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Arts and Humanities
History of Europe
ROST 1101 The Italian Renaissance
Terms in this set (22)
In the 1400s Florence was a state
where wealthy professionals and businessmen
(mostly merchants and bankers) influenced
the decisions of the government.
The Florentine ruling class of professionals and
rich and well educated.
The Florentine ruling class of professionals and businessmen discovered the
intellectual treasure of the
ancient Greeks and Romans, and were inspired by
their works of art.
The Florentine ruling class also initiated
the Renaissance and spread it to
other parts of Italy.
"rebirth" (rebirth of the ancient ideas and values)
On the basis of the ancient moral,
philosophical and political theories, the
Florentines created their ideal of a man:
The banker Cosimo de' Medici was
the founder of
the Medici political dynasty
Cosimo de' Medici is also known as
Cosimo "Il Vecchio" - "The Elder".
Cosimo's son Piero and
his grandson Lorenzo were also leading citizens.
Lorenzo was known as
"Il Magnifico" "The Magnificent".
During Lorenzo's leadership, Florence
Arts and architecture also flourished.
The Medicis were well known as
patrons of the arts.
Lorenzo constituted the first museum of modern times
by putting his art collection on public display in the garden of Palazzo Medici.
Lorenzo had also opened
a school of sculpture, later
attended by Michelangelo who entered it at the age
went on the voyage
which he discovered the New World in 1492.
Some time later, Amerigo Vespucci,
coasts of South America
and gave his own name to
the new continents.
The Venetian Giovanni
explored the coast of
present day Canada.
Niccolo` Machiavelli was a famous
Niccolo` Machiavelli most famous work is
Galileo Galilei (1564 - 1642) was
an Italian physicist, astronomer
Galileo has been considered the
father of modern astronomy,
physics, and science in general.
Galileo Galilei made significant improvements to the...
And supported the.....
Telescope and heliocentrism.
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