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HDFS 239 Exam 3
Terms in this set (51)
The sense that one has an impact on ones world
What is the most common method of birth control?
What drug is used most daily by teens?
Peer pressure (increases or decreases) as children get older?
-sad when mother leaves
-greats mother when she returns
-healthy attachment between infant and caregiver
-characterized by trust
Anxious- Avoidant Attachment
-doesn't seek mother when she returns
-focuses on environment
-insecure attachment between infant and caregiver
-characterized by indifference
-very upset at departure
-explores very little
-insecure attachment between infant and caregiver
-characterized by distress at separation and anger at reunion.
The way individuals think and characterize themselves (traits and attributes)
false self behavior
acting in a way the one knows is fake
5 factor model of personality
-The premature establishment of a sense of identity, before sufficient role experimentation has occurred.
-"Ive made a choice without thinking"
-The incoherent, disjointed, incomplete since of self characteristic of not having resolved the crisis of identity.
-"I don't know and I don't care what I'm supposed to do with my life"
-A period during which individuals are free from excessive obligations and responsibilities and can therefore experiment with different roles and personalities.
-"Im thinking about what I should do"
Gaining emotional independence in relationships with others, especially parents
The progressive sharpening of an individuals sense of being an autonomous, independent person.
Preconventional moral reasoning
-worrying about punishment/reward
-1st level of moral reasoning
-typical in children
-characterized by reasoning that is based on rewards and punishments associated with different courses of action
Conventional moral reasoning
-following societal rules and norms/ how society views you/ how others will think about you
-2nd level of moral development
-occurs during late childhood and early adolescence
-characterized by reasoning that is based on the rules and conventions of society
Postconventional moral reasoning
-most abstract and advanced
-the stage of moral development
-society's rules and conventions are seen as relative and subjective rather than as authoritative
what is the leading cause of the first major depressive episode
sexual behavior that is experienced alone
the extent to which an individual is oriented towards heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual activity
extent to which an individual acts in a traditionally masculine or feminine way
which gender an individual believes he or she is
What is the main psychosocial problem in adolescents?
problems are tuned outward (behavioral problems)
problems are tuned inward (emotional and cognitive distress)
The maladaptive use of drugs (legal or illegal)
-substance abuse is likely comorbid
two problems happening at the same time
3 types of externalizing disorders
A pattern of persistent antisocial behavior that routinely violates the right of others and leads to problems in social relationships, school, or work
-behavior that is done intentionally to hurt someone
-Can be instrumental (planned) or reactive (unplanned)
-Relatively stable over time, but usually declines over the course of childhood and adolescents
Violent (assault, rape, robbery, murder) and property crimes (burglary, theft)
Who the adolescent really is
Who the adolescent would like to be
Who the adolescent most dreads becoming
Risk Factors of Substance Abuse
The chances of becoming addicted to alcohol or nicotine are increased when use begins before age 15
Risks for Suicide
-Having a psychological problem
(depression or substance abuse)
-Having a family history of suicide
What is the most significant internalizing problem?
Depression = internal
Social Control Theory
Individuals who do not have strong bonds to societal institutions, (family, work, school) will be likely to deviate and behave unconditionally
-helps explain why behavior problems are more common in poor, inner city, adolescents
-Many adolescents with psychosocial problems have more than one type of problem at once
-The comorbidity of externalizing and substance abuse problems has left researchers to propose theoretical explanations for this phenomenon, sometimes called ____________?
Problem Behavior Syndrome
What does sex mean to girls?
Love, Romance, Intimacy
What does sex mean to boys?
-keeps sex and intimacy separate
Early sexual activity (before age 16) can result in...
-experimentation with drugs and alcohol
-lower levels of religious involvement
-lower interest in academic achievement
-stronger orientation towards independence
-answer on test----all of the above
What is the best indicator as to when an adolescent will have sex?
what is the best predictor of self esteem?
making independent decisions and following though on them
developing an individual set of values and beliefs
-resisting peer and parental pressure
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