Practice test week 5
Terms in this set (40)
Oscar was born in Kenya and was adopted by a white middle-class family. It is likely Oscar's IQ score will be:
higher than similar black children raised in poverty.
John learned at an early age that he was a 'gifted' individual because he was in Terman's long-term study of gifted children. Which of the following is least likely to be true of John?
As he grows older he realises how well he had succeeded in achieving what was expected of him
"If a child is doing exceptionally well in maths, vocabulary and overall knowledge, then it is expected that that individual will:"
score high on the g-factor
The best way to predict scholastic success is to:
use an IQ test.
evaluate a student's motivation.
determine if the student's parents are supportive.
You have an encyclopaedic knowledge of animal behaviour. In which of the following cultures are you likely to reside?
The Kalahari desert
Which of the following is the most accurate statement regarding the use of IQ tests? IQ tests:
are useful predictors of academic success, but should be considered in the appropriate environmental and cultural context. "
If Einstein's brain is an indication of intelligence, then smart people should have:"
a slightly larger than average temporal lobe.
The information-processing approach focuses on:
the processes that underlie intelligent behaviour
Tests that quantify psychological attributes (such as personality traits or intellectual abilities) are referred to as ________.
"A professional musician is involved in a motorbike accident and receives brain injuries. After recovery, it is discovered that she is as competent as ever at logical and mathematical problems and is as socially adept as she was prior to the accident, but she can no longer play the viola well. This experience lends credibility to which theory of intelligence?"
Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences
Based on the study described in your textbook, a person with an IQ of 140 or higher will likely experience:"
slightly better than average adjustment and vocational success than the average population.
in the hope of better understanding intelligence, a number of different approaches to intelligence have arisen. What are they?
Information processing approach
Theory of multiple intelligences
Knowledge that you have learned in this course has become part of your _____ intelligence.
One of the more serious limitations of the psychometric approach is that:
there are no clear ways of resolving different interpretations
Georgia sits an intelligence test (the WAIS-IV) and notices that there are two broad kinds of problems she is being asked to solve. If she has correctly identified the two forms of subtests in the test, she has distinguished between the _________ and __________subtests."
verbal; performance (nonverbal)
Galton's test of intelligence at the 1884 International Exposition is significant to the field of psychology because:
it marked the beginning of scientific efforts to measure intelligence
"According to the normal distribution of IQ scores, what percentage of the test takers will get scores between 85 and 115?"
"A robust debate has begun on the Letters page of your local newspapers over the benefit of the Government spending more on education. One writer argues that since hundreds of studies have found high heritability for intelligence, then it is a waste of taxpayers' money to keep increasing education spending in the hope that children of low IQ parents will be more successful. What conceptual mistake is this correspondent making in her argument?"
Heritability estimates can be high while, at the same time, individuals' IQs can be improved significantly relative to their parents
If the question 'How are a ball and an orange alike?' was asked as part of the WAIS-IV, it would most likely be included as an item in the _______ subtest
Which of the following does the WAIS-IV not attempt to measure:
"My brother is really good with identifying different plants. According to Gardner's theory of multiple intelligence, my brother has which type of intelligence?"
Managers high in emotional intelligence are more effective leaders because they:
can lead and motivate workers to achieve common goals
The two-factor theory of intelligence was proposed by:
"According to one psychologist, intelligence was sarcastically defined as:"
what intelligence tests measure
Angela scores an IQ of 120 on the WISC-IV intelligence test. Her mother later notices that Angela seems to have difficulty working out a Sudoku puzzle. This most likely means that:
Angela may have done much better on the performance subtests than verbal subtests
Most people, when asked to define intelligence, emphasise:"
Jenny is well known amongst her friends for being an understanding person to talk to if you are having romantic problems and upsets. It is likely that Jenny has a well-developed:
A major criticism of the factor analysis approach to intelligence is that:
the results of factor analysis often vary based on who is doing the analysing
"Over the life span, general intelligence remains pretty stable due to the fact that:"
while fluid intelligence tends to decrease, crystallised intelligence tends to increase
Twin, family and adoption studies help us:"
identify genetic factors in intellectual ability
isolate genetic and environmental factors
control for the environmental differences between twins
Intelligence is functional. From an evolutionary perspective:
intelligent behaviour solves problems of adaptation and hence facilitates survival and reproduction.
all of the options listed.
My girlfriend performs superbly in school and yet is highly questionable in terms of her social skills and movement (she is definitely lacking in coordination). Whose theory of intelligence would most accurately capture her intelligence
Gardner believed that the idea of modularity of intelligence helps to explain the different levels of abilities a person has. That is, a person's ability in one area does not allow us to predict that person's ability in all areas. This is exemplified by:
In his original triarchic theory of intelligence, Sternberg identified three aspects of intelligence. These were
creative, practical, and analytical
After a serious car accident, Bob has deficits in adaptive functioning and an IQ score of 65. Bob would be diagnosed as:
moderately intellectually impaired.
Which of the following items would MOST likely appear on a test measuring creativity?
List all the uses of a brick.
Ella works in an advertising agency and is regularly set the task of coming up with as many ideas related to a product as possible. Ella is being asked to be creative through using _________ thinking.
Intellectual impairment may be classified when a person shows multiple deficits in living and has an IQ:
The Gf-Gc theory distinguishes two general factors of _______ and _______ intelligence.
"To assess the reliability of a measure, psychologists typically:"
re-test the same person multiple times.