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Arts and Humanities
History of the Americas
APUSH Period 5 Terms
Terms in this set (24)
Created by the writer and editor John L. O'Sullivan in his 1845 article. It was the idea to spread democracy to the less fortunate in the west, and makeAmerica stretch from sea to shinning sea.
Farming reliant on slaves; like plantations the crops required meticulous care and hard working people to maintain it and slaves were the ones to care for it...type of agriculture that relied on the slaves to get the job done rather than the plantation owner, etc.
Slavery As A Positive Good
Theory that slaves are better off as property because they have monetary value to the master and are therefore taken care of (food, shelter, clothing) and treated like family as opposed to competing for wage jobs in the open market economy where where factories had terrible working conditions and many people were unemployed. They also believed that slavery was sanctioned by the Bible and that capitalism, not slavery, was the evil system.
Dred Scott Case
Dred Scott, a slave from Missouri sued his owner for his freedom claiming that the northern part of the Louisiana Territory had become free land because of the Missouri Compromise, but the U.S. Supreme Court declared that Scott was not a citizen so he had no right to sue for freedom.
The Northerners wrath in 1854 against slavery created a meeting held by anti-slavery Whigs and Democrats, Free-Soilers and other reformers in the old Northwest through Summer and Fall. They met to form the new Party which was dedicated to keep slavery out of territories. As the Whigs faded, the party started to take over and was very popular in the North. They appealed to the people interested in economic development of the West and believed the South was not achieving economic independence by seizing opportunities the country had to offer.
Another name for the Confederate States of America, made up of the 11 states that seceded from the Union
This amendment freed all slaves without compensation to the slave owners. It legally forbade slavery in the United States.
Passed in 1868, after slavery was abolished, the fourteenth amendment defined citizenship for a freeman born in the U.S. It disallowed states to take away the basic rights and privileges of the people.
A war that began as a result of a border issue and resulted in fighting along the Rio Grande. By the end, Mexico lost almost all of California, Utah, Nevada, AZ, and NM
Anti slavery activists who demanded the immediate end of slavery.
Withdrawal of eleven Southern states from the Union, starting w/ SC, in 1860 which precipitated the American Civil War
Introduced by Stephen Douglas in 1854, Kansas and Nebraska entered as popular sovereignty states (people had the right to decide their own laws by voting), ended the Missouri Compromise and allowed slavery.
Republican candidate of the 1860 election and the 16th president. He was successful in the north with his anti-slavery warnings and despised in the South. He lead the country during the Civil War, was able to emancipate and free slaves, and to reintegrate the south with the rest of the nation.
Name for the Know-Nothing Party during the election of 1860 with John Bell as its nominee. Its platform simply offered the
A system of work for freedmen who were employed in the cotton industry. This system traded a freedmen's labor for the use of a house, land, and sometimes further accommodations.They would usually give half or more of their grown crop to their landlords.
Suffrage given to black males.
Congress has the power to enforce this via legislation.
When certain states or sections of the country were only loyal to their interests rather than those of the whole countries (such as the north and south during the civil war)
The doctrine that a state can declare null and void a federal law that, in the state's opinion, violates the Constitution.
Compromise Of 1850
Slavery becomes outlawed in Washington D.C., California is admitted as a free state, and Utah and New Mexico will determine whether slavery is allowed through popular sovereignty.
Second American Party System
was a time period characterized by a huge increase in voter interest starting in the late 1820's. The voter enthusiasm was represented by many things including voter turnout, rallies, newspapers and loyalty to major parties. the two major parties were the Democratic Part and the Whig Party. The Democrats were led by Andrew Jackson and the Whig's were ld by Henry Clay. The Second Party system was eventually replaced by the Third Party system
Was against slavery in the new territories. They also advocated federal aid for internal improvements and urged free government homesteads for settlers.
After victory of Antietam Lincoln announces on the first of 1863 all slaves in the rebelling states would be free. AIM: injure confederacy, threaten its property, heighten its dread, hurt its morale.
These were a small group of people in 1865 who supported black suffrage and believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South. They were led by Senator Charles Sumner and Congressman Thaddeus Stevens. They supported the abolition of slavery and a demanding reconstruction policy during the war and after.
Period 5 Dates
Recommended textbook explanations
The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century (California Edition)
Gerald A. Danzer, J. Jorge Klor de Alva, Larry S. Krieger, Louis E. Wilson, Nancy Woloch
HMH Social Studies American History: Reconstruction to the Present Guided Reading Workbook
United States History: Beginnings to 1877
Deborah Gray White, William Deverell
The American Republic Since 1877
Alan Brinkley, Albert S. Broussard, Donald A. Ritchie, James M. McPherson, Joyce Appleby
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