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Antibiotics that target cell wall synthesis ultimately cause bacterial cell death as a result of...

osmotic lysis.

Assume you stain Bacillus by applying malachite green with heat and then counterstaining with safranin. Through the microscope, the green structures are


The formal system for classifying and naming organisms was developed by

Carolus Linnaeus

If you viewed one single protein using a microscope, you would observe multiple _____ structures.
A) primary
B) secondary
C) tertiary
D) primary and secondary
E) secondary and tertiary

NOT D!!!

In using what microscope does the observer NOT look directly at an image through a lens?

Electron microscope
(or sound)

The major food producers for other living organisms is/are
A) higher plants.
B) cyanobacteria.
C) algae.
D) higher plants and algae.
E) higher plants, cyanobacteria, and algae.

E) higher plants, cyanobacteria, and algae

Microorganisms are essential to our life. Each of the following is an example of a beneficial function of microorganisms EXCEPT
A) increased morbidity.
B) gene therapy.
C) bioremediation.
D) alternative fuel production.
E) agriculture.

A) increased morbidity.

Normal microbiota are typically found in and on all the following body locations EXCEPT the
A) upper respiratory system
B) mouth
C) colon
D) skin
E) blood

NOT A!!!!

Place the following steps in the correct sequence.
2-Making a smear

(make smear, fix, stain)

The purpose of the ocular lens is to

magnify the image from the objective lens.

Radioisotopes are frequently used to label molecules in a cell. The fate of atoms and molecules in a cell can then be followed. Assume Saccharomyces cerevisiae is grown in a nutrient medium containing the radioisotope 35S. After a 48-hour incubation, the 35S would most likely be found in the S. cerevisiae's

LOOK UP ANSWER. (not nucleic acids)
either proteins, lipids, water, or carbohydrates

Recombinant DNA technology has become an increasingly important part of our life. It is used for all of the following EXCEPT:
A) drug production
B) vaccine production
C) synthesis of water
D) increasing nutritional value of food
E) enhancing food longevity

C) synthesis of water

A student is looking at a bacterial specimen using the oil immersion lens, but has forgotten to put immersion oil on the slide. The specimen will appear

somewhat fuzzy and have poor resolution.

What cell wall (gram + or -) is resistant to many antibiotics like penicillin?

gram-negative (because it has two membranes)

Where are phospholipids most likely found in a eukaryotic cell?

the plasma membrane, around organelles, and surrounding flagella

Which microscope is used to see detail of a 300-nm virus?

electron microscope

Which microscope uses 2 beams of light to produce a 3-D color image?

DIC microscope

Which molecule is composed of a chain of amino acids?


Which of the following findings was essential for Edward Jenners vaccination process?

Exposure to a milder disease form may produce immunity.

Which of the following is NOT equal to 1 mm?
A) 0.001 m
B) 10-3 m
C) 10 6 nm
D) 0.1 cm
E) 100 μm

E) 100 μm (it would be 1000 μm)

Which of the following organelles most closely resembles a prokaryotic cell?
A. cell wall
B. mitochondrion
C. nucleus
D. vacuole
E. golgi complex

B. Mitochondrion

Which of the following statements is false?
A) Water is a part of a dehydration synthesis reaction.
B) Salts readily dissolve in water.
C) Water molecules are formed by hydrolysis.
D) Water is a polar molecule.
E) Water freezes from the top down.

C) Water molecules are formed by hydrolysis.

Which of the following structures is NOT found in some prokaryotic cells?
A) pilus
B) axial filament
C) peritrichous flagella
D) cilium
E) flagellum

D) cilium

Which step in the Gram stain is the critical step in differentiating gram-positive cells from gram-negative cells?

(alcohol wash)

Which type of molecule NEVER contains a phosphate group?
A) nucleic acid
B) lipid
D) triglycerides

D. triglycerides

Which type of stain is most useful in helping clinicians to decide which antibiotic to prescribe for a bacterial infection?

gram stain

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