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WHI. 10

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What is the location of Japan?
East of the Asian mainland
Four major islands in Japan
-Hokkaido
-Honsu
-Shikoku
-Kyushu
Japan is a mountainous archipelago. What is an archipelago?
a large group of islands
Where is the Sea of Japan also known as the East Sea located?
It is between Japan and the Asian mainland.
South Asian trade centered around what sea?
South China Sea
How has Japan's geography influenced its development?
Influenced by China and Korea due to its close proximity.
What culture most influenced Japan?
China
How did Chinese Culture influence Japan?
-Buddhism spread from China to Japan
-Japan adopted Chinese architecture and writing system
Ethnic religion that is unique to Japan.
Shinto
What is Shintoism?
-Importance on natural features, forces of nature, and ancestors.
-It was the state religion of Japan
-It required that people worship the emperor
- Shinto coexisted with Buddhism
Describe Japanese society (1200-1700)
Feudalism
Samurai
Bushido
Shogun
Feudalism
Government where less powerful people promise loyalty to more powerful people in exchange for land and protection
Samurai
Warrior who served nobles
Bushido
Strict code of behavior followed by samurai
Shogun
Supreme military commander who ruled in the name of the emperor
What does maritime mean?
connected with the sea/ocean
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)
Silk Routes across Asia to the Mediterranean basin
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)

Maritime routes across the Indian Ocean
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)

Trans-Saharan routes across North Africa
traded gold and salt
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)

Northern European links with the Black Sea
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)
Western European sea and river trade
Map of Europe
What was traded between the Eastern Hemisphere trade routes?
gold, salt, textiles, porcelain, technology(compass, sail) and agricultural foods (sugar from India)
Type of goods that came from India, China, Middle East and Europe
textiles
Type of goods that came from China and Persia
Porcelain
Type of goods that came from around the Indian Ocean
spices
Type of goods that came from Baltic region
amber
Goods from West Africa.
gold and salt
Technology that came from China to the Muslim world ----then to Byzantium and Western Europe
Technology : paper
Technology from India
New crop: sugar
Navigation Technology
compass from China
lateen sails from India
Technological inventions from the Eastern Hemisphere
windmills and waterwheels
What ideas spread across the hemispheres?
Buddhism, Islam, Hinduism
Trade patterns of the Eastern Hemisphere from 1000-1500 A.D.(C.E)

South China Sea and the lands of Southeast Asia
Axum is the present day...
Kingdom of Ethiopia
Location of Axum
Relative to Ethiopian Highlands and the Nile River
Axum Religion
Christianity
-King Ezana converted in 324 A.D.
-Ethiopia remains partly Christian today
Location of Zimbabwe
Relative to the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers and the Indian Ocean
Zimbabwe Culture
City of "Great Zimbabwe" is the capital of a prosperous empire
Location of Ghana
Relative to the Niger river and the Sahara Desert
Ghana is known for what tresources?
gold and salt
Location of Mali
Relative to the Niger River and the Sahara Desert
Mali is known for what resources?
gold, salt and Islam
Location of Songhai
Relative to the Niger River and the Sahara Dester
Songhai is known for what resources?
gold and salt
In Africa Timbuktu was the center of ...
trade and learning
Animism
Animism is the belief that natural objects, natural phenomena, and the universe itself possess souls.
What helped the Eastern Hemisphere with diffusion and the exchange of technology and culture for Europe, Africa, and Asia?
Regional trade networks and long distance trade routes