- Metabolic acidosis occurs when the body produces too much acid, or when the kidneys are not removing enough acid from the body.
There are several types of metabolic acidosis:
- Diabetic acidosis (also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA) develops when substances known as ketone bodies, which are acidic, build up during uncontrolled type 1 diabetes
- Hyperchloremic acidosis results from excessive loss of sodium bicarbonate from the body, as can happen with severe diarrhea
- Lactic acidosis is a buildup of lactic acid. It can be caused by: Alcohol, Cancer, Exercising for a very long time, Liver failure, Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia), Medications such as salicylates, Prolonged lack of oxygen from shock, heart failure, or severe anemia, Seizures
- Other causes of metabolic acidosis include: Kidney disease (distal tubular acidosis and proximal renal tubular acidosis), Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol, Severe dehydration