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18 terms

Chapter 5:manner of production

STUDY
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manner of production
tells how a sound is formed
stop (plosives)
manner. complete closure of the vocal tract. so air stops. release/burst
flap
frequently occuring allophone
fricatives
manner. produced with narrow constriction of vocal tract and air goes thru continuous noise. s sound. note: alveolar and palatal _____ are more intense, called stridents or siblants. narrow constriction where air escapes.
nasals
manner. open velopharynx, energy thru nose. complete closure, but open velopharyngeal port
liquids
manner. vowel-like consonant, constriction only a bit greater than for vowels, l and r.
lateral and rhotic
the 2 kinds of liquids
lateral /l/
kind of liquid. midline closure, lateral opening for sound transmission-air out sides of mouth.
rhotic /r/
kind of liquid. 2 ways to produce: 1) tongue tip curled in back slightly and not touching alveolar ridge. 2) bunched tongue in palatal area of mouth.
glides
manner. produced with gliding motion, partly constricted state to more open state. j and w
affricatives
manner. stop plus fricative, only palatal place of production, church and judge. ch and j
stop (plosive)
what manner?: can, keep, chorus, bed, pot
nasal
what manner?: name, man, nose, knew
fricative
what manner?: this, saw, zipper, happy, phone, show, thigh, fate
affricative
what manner?: gin, choose, job
liquid
what manner?: red, ring, lamb
glide
what manner?: wheel, wail, whine, yes
stop, nasal, fricative, affricative, liquid, glide
what are the 6 manner of artics?