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Power Structure of the U.S. Congress

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House of Representatives
# of representatives based on population
Permanent # of Reps
435
gerrymandering-
majority party draws district boundaries to gain power (redistricting)
Colorado has ____representatives
7
Speaker of the House is
a. Presiding Officer b. Leader of majority party c. May speak and vote at any time, only required to vote in a tie
Current Speaker of the House
Nancy Pelosi
Floor Leaders
a. Chosen by party leaders (Dems and Reps) b. Carry out party-based decisions c. Chief spokesperson for their party
Current Majority/Minority leaders
Majority- Steny Hoyer, Minority- John Boehner
Whips
a. Assistant floor leaders b. Liaison between party leaders and members
President of the Senate
a. Vice President, currently b. May NOT speak or debate, can only vote in a tie c. Influence comes from relationships
Senate Floor leaders
a. LOTS of power b. Currently- (Majority)- Harry Reid (Minority)- Mitch McConnell
Committees
Where most of the work is done in Congress
Committee Chairmen
Members chosen by majority party to head standing committees
Due to control of committees, the majority party decides:
a. When to meet b. Bills to consider c. Public Hearings d. Witnesses to use