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Legislative Branch Test (chapters 10,11,12)
phschool.com codes mqa-3102 through 3104 mqa-3112 through 3115 mqa-3121 through 3124
Terms in this set (100)
Elections occurring between presidential election years are called __________ elections.
Off-year elections usually add more Representatives
of the party that is not the President's party.
Most states use what system for electing their House members?
Districts that have been designed to create an advantage for one party over another have been
When a candidate is elected by voters state wide, he or she is a(n) __________ candidate
What happens in the House of Representatives after each decennial census?
When are Congressional elections held?
the Tuesday following the first Monday in November of even-numbered years
Why was the number of seats in the House frozen at 435?
At that number, there were already too many representatives for the House to be effective.
Members of the House of Representatives may serve for __________ terms
an unlimited number of
Members of the House of Representatives are elected for __________-year terms
How could the Senate grow under the rules set by the Constitution?
More states could be added to the Union.
The people and interests that a senator represents are their
Most of the members who have been expelled from the Senate were expelled during
the civil war
According to the Constitution, what two requirements are different for a senator than for a member of the House?
age and duration of citizenship
What is the effect of the difference in constituencies between senators and House members?
Senators focus on the "big picture" nationally
What senator was elected to the most terms?
Strom Thurmond of South Carolina
The Constitution said that __________ would choose senators.
There are currently __________ members of the Senate.
Why did the framers of the Constitution give senators six-year terms?
They hoped the longer terms would make senators less reactive to popular sentiment
The Senate is a continuous body, meaning that
its seats are never up for election at the same time
A tax paid by someone who then passes the charge onto someone else is called what?
an indirect tax
Money that a creditor must accept by law is called what?
Nearly all of the implied powers that have been used by the Congress have been based on what expressed powers?
the powers to regulate commerce and to tax
The federal government passed the Civil Rights Act of 1964 on the basis of what power?
the commerce power
The practice of spending more than is taken in is called
According to the Constitution, which of the following items could NOT be taxed by Congress?
The power of Congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade is the
What is the legal proceeding that frees someone from replaying debts acquired before the time of the proceeding?
Until 1808, Congress could not interfere with trade involving what?
Which of the following Supreme Court cases involved the right of the Federal Government to regulate commerce?
Gibbons v. Ogden
Why might Congress have legalized the use of the metric system in 1866?
It was used in many other countries around the world.
Which of the following is NOT prohibited regarding the U.S. mails?
How long is a patent good for?
The federal power of eminent domain refers to what?
the power to take private property for public use
Most federal crimes have been established under
implied Congressional powers
A copyright belongs to a(n) __________ to protect his or her work
The ability of the Federal Government to manage the U.S. Virgin Islands relates to what power?
the power over territories
States cannot interfere with or tax which of the following?
the postal service
The sole right to manufacture and sell an invention is called what?
The process of becoming a citizen of the United States is called
How did Maryland try to stop the Second Bank of the United States from doing business?
It taxed all notes issued by the bank
A doctrine is a(n)
principle or policy
What is the Constitutional basis for the implied powers of Congress?
the Necessary and Proper Clause
What was the name of the court case in which Chief Justice John Marshall wrote that the if an act of Congress achieves an end that is within the scope of its Constitutional powers, then it is permissible?
McCulloch v. Maryland
What is another name for the Necessary and Proper Clause?
the "Elastic Clause"
When money is set aside for a particular purpose, it is
Which of the following is an example of an implied power of Congress?
establishing a minimum wage
What early national dispute was settled on the basis of the Necessary and Proper Clause?
the dispute over the creation of the Bank of the United States
Which of the following expressed powers of Congress was NOT cited in the Court's approval of the creation of the Second Bank?
Who was the first Secretary of the Treasury, who urged Congress to set up a national bank?
lying under oath
What is required of Congress to propose a Constitutional amendment?
a two-thirds vote in each house
Which of the following is NOT a reason for Congress to hold an investigation?
determining the guilt of private persons accused of a federal offense
What is NOT a reason for impeachment according to the Constitution?
A vote for censure is a vote for what?
To find someone not guilty of a crime is to __________ them.
Which of the following has NOT been proposed as a Constitutional amendment by State legislatures in recent years?
eliminating the income tax
An impeachment is a(n)
A subpoena is used to
order someone to appear in court or produce evidence.
When may the House elect a president?
when no candidate receives a majority of the electoral votes
What is the name of the unwritten rule that the party members with the longest records of service in Congress will get the most important posts?
Who is next in line for the presidency after the Vice President?
the Speaker of the House
The Republicans changed the practice of seniority rule by limiting committee chairmanship to __________ years.
Which of the following is NOT a function of a whip?
to be the chief spokesperson for the party in that body
How is the president of the Senate chosen?
it is always the vice president
Critics of the Seniority Rule note that it rewards those Senators who come from a(n) __________ constituency.
The President's annual speech before a joint session of Congress is called the
State of the Union message
Which of the following is NOT a difference between the Speaker of the House and the president of the Senate?
The Speaker can be a member of the majority or minority party, while the Senate president is a member of the majority party.
Who serves as leader of the Senate when the Vice President is absent?
the president pro tempore
Which of the following is NOT the decision of a committee chairman?
who else will sit on the committee
Which of the following statements is NOT true about committees?
Each senator and representatives can serve on only one committee.
In order for a bill to reach the floor of the House after it has been referred by a committee, it must also clear the
Select committees are
temporary panels set up for a specific purpose
What type of a committee was the Senate Watergate Committee?
a select committee
Which of these is governed by a joint committee?
the Library of Congress
Which of the following committees does not operate as a subject-matter body?
the House Rules Committee
Who determines which bills go to which committees in the House?
Permanent panels to which all bills are sent are called __________ committees.
When is a conference committee created?
when the two houses pass differing versions of a bill and the first house will not agree to the changes
Which of the following is NOT a reason to form a select committee?
to maintain an ongoing review of bills that fall into one major subject area
When is a bill referred to the appropriate standing committee?
after the first reading
__________ deal with matters in which the House and Senate must act together, but they do NOT have the force of law.
Bills dealing with what issue must originate in the House of Representatives?
For how long may a member of the House hold the floor in a debate without unanimous consent to a longer time limit?
Appropriations measures often have many
At what stage is a bill engrossed?
after the second reading
Constitutional amendments are first proposed in Congress as
The Campaign Reform Act of 2002 was brought to the floor for a vote only after a successful
Most often the fate of a bill in committee is to be
What constitutes a quorum for the Committee of the Whole in the House?
When the President refuses to sign a bill, he is using his __________ power.
In which of the following ways is the process for passing a bill different in the Senate than it is in the House?
Senators may speak on the floor for as long as they wish
President Wilson was furious over a filibuster during discussion of legislation to do what?
to permit the arming of merchant vessels
Cloture is the process of limiting
Why is the Cloture Rule used so infrequently?
Senators do not want to undercut the value of the filibuster, since they may need to use it later
Conference committees are usually made up of
the leading members of the standing committee that brought the measure to each house
What is it called when senators delay or prevent Senate action through long speeches?
No senator may speak more than __________ on any given question in a day.
When is a pocket veto possible?
within ten days of the end of a session of Congress
Which of the following is NOT forbidden to a Senator speaking during a filibuster?