principle of nonviolence
relates to Buddhism; people who practiced self-denial to achieve an understanding of ultimate reality
devotional song, hymn
dot, point on the forehead (painted-on or stick-on); focus on the context of a beauty spot
one of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; the PRIESTLY CLASS (in charge of the religious ceremonies that were so important in Indian society)
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation, but also his/her position in society
religious doctrine initially appeared in northern India... became a rival of Hinduism; founded by Siddhartha Gautama (known as the Buddha)
known as "divine law;" this required all people to do their duty
local kin group whose members trace descent through the male line to an ancestral figure
major city in ancient India
religious doctrine of the Aryan people who settled in India after 1500 B.C.; evidence comes from the Vedas
the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
second level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; WARRIORS
a stone that symbolizes Hindu god Shiva (or Siva)
a magical circle or set of concentric circles
major cty in ancient India (archaeologists regerred to as the "City of the Dead"
seasonal wind pattern in souther Asia; a primary feature of India's climate
term meaning blessings
when you have achieved the ultimate reality- the end of self and a reunion with the Great World Soul
India was a world of warring kingdoms... Aryan leaders; a term for princes
belief that the individual soul is reborn in a different form after death
a writing system developed by the Aryans
Shudras or Sudras
fourth level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; tthis group made up the bulk of the Indian population; PEASANTS...PEOPLE WHO PERFORMED VARIOUS FORMS OF MANUAL LABOR
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
third level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; identifies merchants who engaged in commerce; COMMONDERS
a basic subdivision of humanity in the Hindu caste system
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