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relates to Buddhism; people who practiced self-denial to achieve an understanding of ultimate reality
one of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; the PRIESTLY CLASS (in charge of the religious ceremonies that were so important in Indian society)
a set of rigid social categories that determined not only a person's occupation, but also his/her position in society
religious doctrine initially appeared in northern India... became a rival of Hinduism; founded by Siddhartha Gautama (known as the Buddha)
religious doctrine of the Aryan people who settled in India after 1500 B.C.; evidence comes from the Vedas
the force generated by a person's actions that determines how the person will be reborn in the next life
when you have achieved the ultimate reality- the end of self and a reunion with the Great World Soul
Shudras or Sudras
fourth level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; tthis group made up the bulk of the Indian population; PEASANTS...PEOPLE WHO PERFORMED VARIOUS FORMS OF MANUAL LABOR
LOWEST LEVEL OF INDIAN SOCIETY; not considered a real part of the caste system; often given degrading jobs; their life was extremely difficult
third level of the varnas in the Hindu caste system; identifies merchants who engaged in commerce; COMMONDERS
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