11 terms

Infectious Diseases of Concern to the EMT

Prehospital Emergency Care
Hepatitis B
an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
Hepatitis C
inflammation of the liver caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), which is transmitted by exposure to infected blood; this strain is rarely contracted sexually
infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS)
a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
Sever Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS)
a severe, rapid onset viral infection resulting in respiratory distress that includes lung inflammation, alveolar damage, and atelectasis, SARS
West Nile Virus (WNV)
infection is transmitted by mosquitoes and is relatively new to the United States and can cause flu-like symptoms that can result in encephalitis
Multidrug-Resistant Organisms
Bacteria that are resistant to one or more classes of antimicrobial drugs. These include MRSA, Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase producing organisms, and Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase producing organisms.
Hepatitis B Signs and Symptoms
jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, joint pain, headache, dark urine, fever
Hepatitis C Signs and Symptoms
jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, joint pain,dark urine,
Tuberculosis Signs and Symptoms
Early sign= slight cough with expectoration of mucus, fever, night sweats
Late sign= bloody productive cough, chest pain, weight loss
Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Signs and Symptoms