Unit 1 APUSH
Terms in this set (28)
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
Winthrop's City on a Hill
Winthrop tells the Puritans on their journey to America that they will be a "City on a Hill," meaning that the whole world will be watching them and they should be the example of perfect Christians.
In Letters of an American Farmer, he praised life in America and, for the first time, explained what it meant to be an American.
French academician who recognized that Americans claim to be driven by self-interest only but observed that many people make decisions for common good, not just personal gain.
Declaration of Independence
This document was
adopted on July 4, 1776. It
established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the
majority of this document.
Articles of Confederation
This document, the nation's first constitution, was adopted by the Second Continental Congress in 1781 during the Revolution. The document was limited because states held most of the power, and Congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage.
this conflict in Massachusetts caused many to criticize the Articles of Confederation and admit the weak central government was not working; uprising led by Daniel Shays in an effort to prevent courts from foreclosing on the farms of those who could not pay the taxes
John Trumbull was an American artist during the period of the American Revolutionary War famous for his historical paintings including his Declaration of Independence. Significance- His declaration of independence picture appears on the reverse of the $2 dollar bill.
The body of fundamental laws setting out the principles, structures, and processes of a government.
Bill of Rights
The first ten amendments of the U.S. Constitution, containing a list of individual rights and liberties, such as freedom of speech, religion, and the press.
1863 Gettysburg Address
Abraham Lincoln's oft-quoted speech, delivered at the dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg battlefield. In the address, Lincoln framed the war as a means to uphold the values of liberty.
This amendment declared that all persons born or naturalized in the United States were entitled equal rights regardless of their race, and that their rights were protected at both the state and national levels.
Amendment to the U.S. Constitution (1920) extended the right to vote to women in federal or state elections.
Speech given by Abraham Lincoln which captured the spirit of liberty and morality ideally held by citizens of a democracy. That ideal was threatened by the Civil War.
1961 Kennedy's Inaugural Speech
"Ask not what your country can do for you...Ask what you can do for your country."
MLK Jr. I have a dream speech
"I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today!"
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Period of European advances in science, politics, and writing; greatly influenced American colonists
Patriot and writer whose pamphlet Common Sense, published in 1776, convinced many Americans that it was time to declare independence from Britain.
This was the man who discovered Americas while originally looking for a faster and all-sea route to the East but instead landed in the West Indies.
The first successful settlement in the Virginia colony founded in May, 1607. Harsh conditions nearly destroyed the colony but in 1610 supplies arrived with a new wave of settlers. The settlement became part of the Virginia Company of London in 1620. The population remained low due to lack of supplies until agriculture was solidly established. Jamestown grew to be a prosperous shipping port when John Rolfe introduced tobacco as a major export and cash crop.
the ship in which the Pilgrim Fathers sailed from England to Massachusetts in 1620
Formed the Massachusetts Bay Colony in order to practice their religion freely. Led by governors who were strongly influenced by religious leaders.
1763 end of French-Indian war
1763 the cultures of the Native Americans in the northeast were gone and destroyed forever. France is forced to give Canada and Florida to the British.
1775-1783 American Revolution
This political revolution began with the Declaration of Independence in 1776 where American colonists sought to balance the power between government and the people and protect the rights of citizens in a democracy.
1776 Declaration of Independence
This document was adopted on July 4, 1776. It established the 13 American colonies as independent states, free from rule by Great Britain. Thomas Jefferson wrote the majority of this document.
1789 Constitution adopted and Washington inaugurated
Signifies the beginning of the United States of America as a country, end of the Revolution. Government with rules and restrictions set up by the Constitution.
1861-1865 Civil War
The period of warfare between the Confederate States of America (1861-1865) and the United States over the issues of states' rights and slavery.