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process by which an organization is recognized for adherence to a group of standards that meet or exceed expectations of the accrediting agency
a word used to contrast homeopathic medicine with mainstream medicine; characterized by an effort to counteract the symptoms of disease treatments that produce effects opposite the symptoms
irregular heartbeats caused by malfunction of the electrical system of the heart
assessing and planning patient care, including referral and follow-up, ensuring continuity and quality of care
medical discipline focused on the nervous system, involving manual adjustment of the spine, treating disorders and promoting wellness
how you get professional or medical privileges; verifying and evaluating a person's credentials
any contact between a healthcare provider and a patient, resulting in treatment or evaluation, not limited to in person
concept of care involving health professional and volunteers who provide medical, psychological, and spiritual support to terminally ill patients and their loved ones
alternative to conventional medicine, uses holistic methods, herbs and natural substances, with the belief the body can heal itself (licensed in 15 states 7 P.R. and the V.I.
medicine based on the theory that disturbances in the musculoskeletal system can affect other body parts causing many disorder that can be treated with conventional medical, surgical, pharmacological, and other therapeutic procedures
a condition in which the majority of people in a country, number of countries or geographic area are affected
peer review organization
a group of medical reviewers contracted by the Centers for Medicare or Medicaid Services to ensure quality control and medical necessity of services provided by a facility
item or indicator used as measure of quality or compliance with a statutory or accrediting body's policies and regulations
use of telecommunications to enhance and improve the results of radiological procedures
arguments in writing with a methodic discussion of the facts and principles involved and the conclusions reached
sorting of and allocation of treatment to patient according to a system of priorities designed to maximize the number of survivors and treat the sickest patients first
staff of aesculapias
Depicts a serpent encircling a staff.
Signifies the art of healing.
Adopted by the American Medical Association as the symbol of medicine.
Mythological staff belonging to Hermes.
Depicts a staff encircled by two serpents, with wings at the top.
The staff was considered to have magical powers. Icon for the U.S. Army Medical Corps
Known as 'Father of Medicine'
Wrote the Hippocratic Oath
View of medicine was based on scientific evidence.
Credited with taking some of the mysticism out of medicine.
Johns Hopkins University
First school to partner with a hospital,Johns Hopkins Hospital.
Exposed students to actual patients during their medical training.
Father of Modern Anatomy.
Published a book detailing the structure of the human body that conflicted with the earlier teachings of Galen. This led to his persecution by his colleagues.
Discovered that the heart acts as a muscular pump, moving blood throughout the body.
He also offered that blood circulation is a continuous cycle. England considered Harvey its "medical Shakespeare."
Anton van Leeuwenhoek
Discovered the magnification process.
First to observe bacteria and protozoa through a lens.
Founder of Scientific Surgery.
The first to introduce artificial feeding into the stomach through a tube.
He studied venereal diseases and pioneered tissue transfer.
Gave the first vaccination. Smallpox. Studied smallpox and cowpox.
Discovery of the vaccination process.
Developed the stethoscope, which began as a rolled paper, allowing him to hear sounds inside the body.
Ignaz Philipp Semmelweis
Savior of Mothers because of his work fighting puerperal fever.
Realized disinfecting and washing hands when moving from one patient to another would reduce the spread of germs.
Died from puerperal fever himself, having been infected by a cut on his finger during an autopsy.
Developed pasteurization, a method of destroying microorganisms.
The last 7 years of his life were devoted to the Pasteur Institute, which still exists in France today.
Father of Sterile Surgery.
Discovered microorganisms must be kept out of wounds and surgical sites.
-rules that must be in place before an organism can be accepted as the causative agent in a disease.
-designed to fight syphilis.
This drug was the first that was injected into the body to destroy a specific organism.
Crawford Williamson Long
First to use an anesthetic agent.
Discovered that medical students who were under the influence of ether did not seem to feel pain, and he later successfully used ether as an anesthetic agent during surgery.
Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen
Discovered x rays
Awarded the Nobel Wilhelm Konrad Roentgen Prize in Physics,1901.
Founder of nursing,
The "Lady with the Lamp" because of her efforts in caring for wounded soldiers.
Founded the Nightingale School and Home for Nurses, the beginning of nursing education.
First female medical doctor in the United States. Established the New York Infirmary for Indigent Women and Children, the first hospital staffed entirely by women.
Lillian Wald was instrumental in establishing the world's first public school nursing system.
Proponent of birth control when it was illegal to import or distribute any device designed to prevent pregnancy or induce abortion.
The research she advocated into hormonal contraception eventually led to the development of the birth control pill.
Named honorary chairperson of the Planned Parenthood Federation of America when it was formed in 1941.
Helen Taussig, Alfred Blalock, Vivien Thomas
Developed the lifesaving Blalock-Taussig procedure for blue babies.
Dr. David Ho
Scientific Director and Chief Executive Officer of the Aaron Diamond AIDS Research Center in New York.
The World Health Organization (WHO)
Specialized agency of the United Nations.
Promotes cooperation among nations to control and eliminate diseases worldwide.
Created and maintains the ICD coding system to classify diseases and conditions.
Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS)
Principal U.S. agency for providing essential human services.
Consists of more than 300 programs.
Oversees Medicare and Medicaid programs
United States Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)
Conducts research programs in national defense and infectious diseases
Works with WHO and CDC
Researches 4 biosafety levels of diseases with varying degrees of biohazard potential
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Principal U.S. agency concerned with health and safety of people throughout the world.
Clearinghouse for health information and statistics.
Researches origin and occurrence of diseases.
Develops methods for disease control and prevention.
National Institutes of Health
Division of the Department of Health and Human Services.
Thousands of research projects are underway at any given time.
Furnishes biomedical information to healthcare professions.
Specialty, teaching, community
Private hospitals are usually run by a corporation.
Numerous departments within the hospitals carry out a wide variety of functions.
Credentialing involves determining if an individual should have staff privileges.
Hospitals go through an accreditation process, often conducted by JCAHO.
Standards or indicators are used to determine compliance with regulations.
Physician offices- single practice, partnerships, group practices, or multispecialty clinics.
Occupational health centers
Physical therapy centers
Urgent care centers
Freestanding surgical centers
Skilled nursing facilities
Assisted living facilities
Independent retirement communities
Other Healthcare Facilities
Physician office laboratories
Home health agencies
The Title of Doctor
Doctors of Medicine
Doctors of Osteopathy
Doctors of Chiropractic
licensed of certified professionals
licensed practical/vocational nurses
medical laboratory technicians
diagnostic medical sonographers or technologists
emergency medical technicians
Offered a group of rules related to health to the Hebrews around 1205 BC.
Was an advocate of public health
Considered the first public health officer.
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