Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (66)
What is the term for the manner in which a disease develops?
What is the term used for the cause of a disease?
A change in health that results from an infection is known as _______.
What is the term for when a microorganism invades the body?
_______ microbes are present for only a period of time and then disappear.
_______ flora are the microbes which have permanent residence and do not normally cause disease.
_______ pathogens are normally not pathogenic but will cause disease if the host is compromised in some way.
What does LD50 stand for?
Lethal Dose 50
What does ID50 stand for?
Infectious Dose 50
What is another name for a ligand on the surface of a pathogen that allows it to bind to receptors on the host cell tissue?
What is another name for a capsule?
Capsules interfere with host immune system cells and inhibit _______.
______ is an exoenzyme which causes clotting of blood.
______ is an exoenzyme which dissolves blood clots.
______ is an exoenzyme which breaks down the polysaccharide "cement" which holds cells of connective tissue together.
______ is an exoenzyme which breaks down a major protein found in connective tissue.
______ is an exoenzyme which digests the protective coating on mucous membranes.
Damage to the host ______ _______ is the most common mode of action of toxins.
The term used for toxins that are produced by bacteria and secreted into the surrounding environment.
Most exotoxins are produced by gram _____ bacteria and are found on _______.
This type of exotoxin kills cells or alters their function.
This type of exotoxin interferes with the transmission of a nerve impulse.
This type of exotoxin affects the lining of the GI tract.
What part of the lipopolysaccharide of gram (-) cell walls is known as endotoxin
Which type of bacterial cell contains endotoxin? (+) or (-)
Which type of bacterial cell produces most of the known exotoxins? (+) or (-)
For endotoxins to produce fever, the steps begin with gram (-) bacteria being engulfed by phagocytes. Phagocytes produce _______ which travels to the _______ via the bloodstream and the subsequent release of _______ produces fever.
Interleukin-1; Hypothalamus; Prostaglandins
A _______ infection is limited to a small area of the host's body.
A _______ infection is spread throughout the body.
A _______ infection is a systemic infection which then infects a specific portion of the body.
_____ is growth and multiplication of bacteria in the blood.
_____ is the presence of bacteria in the blood.
_____ is the presence of toxin in the blood.
_____ is the presence of a viral infection in the blood.
A _______ infection is an acute infection that causes the disease.
A _______ infection is caused by an opportunistic pathogen.
A _______ infection is one which shows no symptoms or signs.
Subjective changes in body function are known as ______.
Objective changes in body function such as fever or paralysis are known as _____.
A ______ is a set of symptoms and signs associated with a particular disease.
Chicken pox, measles and tuberculosis are all examples of _____ diseases, those that are spread from person to person.
Chicken pox and measles are both examples of _____ diseases, those that are very easily spread from person to person.
Name 2 diseases that are known to be non-communicable.
Tetanus and anthrax
The fraction of the population that has the disease at a particular point in time.
The fraction of the population that contracts the disease over a period of time.
Worldwide infections are known as ______.
_____ diseases infect large numbers of people in a short period of time.
_____ diseases only occur infrequently in the population.
_____ diseases are always present in the population.
_____ diseases develop rapidly and do not last very long.
_____ diseases develop slowly and either persist or recur.
_____ harbor pathogens and can transmit them to others, but do not show any signs of the disease.
_____ are diseases that normally occur in animals other than humans but can be transmitted to humans.
Give 2 examples of zoonotic diseases.
The method to transmit disease which involves touching or sexual intercourse is known as _____.
Direct Contact Transmission
A _____ is a non-living object which transmits the disease to another person.
_____ contact transmission involves fomites.
_____ transmission is a type of vehicle transmission involving release of the pathogen during something such as a sneeze.
_____ are animals that transmit the pathogen from one host to another.
Is it passive or biological transmission that involves a vector passing a pathogen on the external body of the insect?
Vectors which can replicate the pathogen inside their bodies utilize _____ transmission.
What are the two major types of bacteria which are the cause of nosocomial infections now?
E. coli and P. aeruginosa
What percentage of hospital patients acquire some type of nosocomial infection?
______ infections are those acquired while in the hospital.
_____ ______ was the bacterium that Koch used to formulate his postulates.
What are two exceptions to Koch's postulates?
Mycobacterium leprae and Treponema pallidum
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Microbiology chapter 7
Chapter 14 - "Principles of Disease and Epidemiolo…
Micro Exam 4 (Chapter 14)
micro test 4 oberg
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
pop health 2
chronic care eyes and ears
chronic care 5