59 terms

Cht3: Suffixes: Noun, Shorter Noun, Adjective Suffixes

Pamela Chance, Tri-C, Cuyahoga Community College, MA1020, Medical Terminology, med term, summer 2012, The Language of Medicine
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Noun Suffixes
use a combining vowel, such as o, to connect the root to the suffix. However, drop the combining vowel if the suffix begins with a vowel
e.g gastr/istis, not gastr/o/itis
-algia
pain
e.g. arthralgia, otalgia, nurealgia, myalgia
-cele
hernia
e.g. rectocele, cystocele
-centesis
surgical puncture or to remove fluid
e.g. throacentesis, amniocentesis
-coccus (plural: -cocci)
berry-shaped bacterium (pleural: bacteria)
e.g. streptococcus
-cyte
cell
e.g. erythrocyte, leukocyte, thrombocyte
-dynia
pain
e.g. pleurodyna
-ectomy
excision, removal, resection
e.g. laryngectomy
-emia
blood condition
e.g. anemia
-genesis
condition of producing, forming
e.g. carcinogenesis, pathogenesis, angiogenesis
-gram
record
e.g. electroencephalogram, myelogram
-graph
instrument for recording
e.g. electroencephalograph
-graphy
process of recording
e.g. electroencephalography, angiography
-itis
inflammation
e.g. bronchitis, tonsillitis, thrombophlitis
-logy
study of
e.g. ophthalmology, morphology
-lysis
breakdown, destruction, separation
e.g. hemolysis-breakdown of red blood cells with release of hemoglobin
-malacia
softening
e.g. osteomalacia, chondromalacia
-megaly
enlargement
e.g. acromegaly, splenomegaly
-oma
tumor, mass, collection of fluid
e.g. myoma- benign tumor, myosarcoma- maglinant tumor. Muscle is a type of flesh (scar/o) tissuse
-opsy
to view
e.g. biopsy
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
e.g. necrosis, hydronephrosis, leukocytosis
-pathy
disease condition
e.g. cardomyopathy
-penia
deficiency
e.g. erthropenia, neutropenia
-phobia
fear
e.g. acrophobia- fear of heights, agoraphobia- an anxiety disorder marked by fear of venturing out into a crowded place
-plasia
development, formation, growth
e.g. achondroplasia
-plasty
surgical repair
e.g. angioplasty
-ptosis
falling, dropping, prolapse
e.g. belpharaptosis- dropping eyelid
-sclerosis
hardening
e.g. arteriosclerosis
-scope
insturment for visual examination
e.g. laparoscope
-stasis
stopping, controlling
e.g. metastasis- spread of malignant tumor, hemostasis- blood flow is stopped naturally by clotting
-stomy
opening to form a mouth (stoma)
e.g. colostomy, traceostomy
-therapy
treatment
e.g. hydrotherapy, chemotherapy, radiotherapy
-tomy
incision, cutting into
e.g. laparotomy, phlebotomy, tracheotomy
-trophy
development, nourishment
e.g. hypertrophy, atrophy
Words ending in -us commonly form their plural by dropping -us and adding -i
nucleus----nuclei
bronchus---bronchi
thrombus---thrombi
homestatsis
is the control of blood loss after injury or during surgery
ischemia
occurs when blood flow to tissues is not sufficient. This condition deprives cells of oxygen and, if not reversed, leads to tissue death
hypertrophy
cells increase in size, not number. Muscles of wight lifters often hypertrophy
atrophy
cells decrease in size. Muscles atrophy when immobilized in a cast and not in use
Shorter Noun Suffixes
-er
-ia
-ist
-ole
-ule
-um, -ium
-us
-y
-er
one who
e.g. radiographer
-ia
condition
e.g. leudemia, pneumonia
-ist
specialist
e.g. nephrologist
-ule
little, small
e.g. venule
-um, -ium
structure, tissue
e.g. pericardium
-us
structure, substance
e.g. mucus, esophagus
-y
condition, process
e.g. nephropathy
Adjective Suffixies
-ac, -iac
-al
-ar
-ary
-eal
-genic
-ic, -ial
-iod
-ose
-ous
-tic
-ac
-iac
pertaining to
e.g. cardiac
-al
pertaining to
e.g. peritoneal, inguinal, pleural
-ar
pertaining to
e.g. tonsillar
-ary
pertaining to
e.g. pulmonary, axillar laryngealy
-eal
pertaining to
e.g. laryngeal
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or in
e.g. carcinogenic, osteogenic
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
e.g. chrongic, pathologic
-oid
resembling
e.g. adenoids, mucoid
-ose
pertaining to, full of
e.g. adipose
-ous
pertaining to
e.g. mucous membrane
-tic
pertaining to
e.g. necrotic
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