Music 161 - Exam 3

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Terms in this set (...)

Family of Instruments Brought to Latin America by Europeans
Chordophones
Latin American Instruments of European Influence
Folk guitars, folk harps, etc
Instruments brought to Latin America by Africans
Drums, rattles, bells
Latin American Instruments of African Influence
Berimbau (musical bow), Central American marimbas, cowbells, etc
Sikuri
- Hand pipes
- Pre-Columbian instruments
- Parallel polyphonic
Hocket
- To "pick-up"
- One person alone can't play a melody, takes collaborations between people
Calypso
- Trinidad
- Kalenda: stick fighting
- Cariso singing: voice social movement, drums, women
Tamboo Bamboo
Music made with bamboo
Samba
- Brazil
- African influence
- Syncopation
Tango
- Argentina
- Strong European influence
Nueva Cancion
- "New song"
- Chile and Argentina
Three genres of Mexican Music
- Conjunto: (tex-mex), accordion is the central instrument, guitar, strophic form
- Huasteco: 1 on violin, 2 people on guitars
- Mariachi: features horns, guitar, call and response
Central American Marimba Tradition
Brought from Africa to Latin America
Mestizo
- Blend of European influence (Spain) and natives of S. America Andes Mountain region
Typical Salsa Instrumentation
- US Big Band + Latin (Cuban) Percussion
- American jazz and latin (cuba)
Rhythmic Attributes of African Music Found in Latin America
- Syncopation
- Polyrhythm
Pre-Columbian Latin American Instruments
Drums, rattles, flutes, whistles
Region With Strong Pre-Columbian Musical Traditions
Amazon, Andes
Son
- Cuban song
- European harmonies
- Unique Cuban song style
- Popular by 1920s
Hindustani and Carnatic
Hindustani = North
Carnatic = South
Raga
Mode - notes/scale
Tala
Meter
Bols
Syllables used to show rhythms
Indian Musical Form
- Alap: free rhythm (no tala), improv intro
- Kriti: composed melody (tune/tala), where the drums come in
- Improvisaiton
Texture of Indian Classical Music
Monophonic + drone
Gongan
Music cycle
Main Gamelan Instruments
Hanging gongs, kettle gongs, metal keyed instruments, drums
Differences between Balinese and Javanese Gamelan Traditions
Javanese: repetitive, colotomic structure
Balinese: only instrumental, changes in tempo, clearer melodies, kebyar
Gamelan Gong Kebyar
Fast melodies: fast flourish, steady pulse, fast flourish, steady, etc.
Slendro and Pelong
Tuning
- Slendro: 5 notes; equidistant
- Pelong: 7 notes; not equidistant
Two Approaches to Gamelan
- Soft: all main metal instruments but as more of a background; someone singing, wind (flute) or string (fiddle) instruments
- Strong: all main metal instruments and drums