33 terms

RBT Exam Prep

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Multiple Exemplar Training
Using many different stimuli to teach a skill to promote generalization.
Phase Change Line
demonstrates a change in conditions on a graph
Solid Vertical Line
Represents a phase change line on a graph
3-Step Discrimination Training Procedure
teach in isolation, add distracters, mix in mastered items
Generalization
Can occur through different settings, SDs and stimuli
Functions of behavior
Access to tangibles, access to attention, escape/avoidance, automatic
Conditioned Reinforcer
anything that is paired with a primary reinforcer
Unconditioned Reinforcer
things such as food and shelter that are inherently reinforcing
Forward Chaining
teaching a behavioral skill beginning with the first step
Backward Chaining
teaching a behavioral skill beginning with the last step
Duration
The amount of time/length that a behavior occurs for
Frequency/Rate
The number of times a behavior/ response occurs per unit of time
Latency
The length of time between an initial instruction and a learner's response
Stimulus Control
A situation in which the frequency, latency, duration, or amplitude of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of an antecedent stimuli.
DRA
A procedure in which a behavior that serves as a desirable alternative for a challenging behavior is reinforced while the challenging behavior is extinguished.
DRI
a procedure in which a behavior that serves as a desirable alternative for a challenging behavior, and which is incompatible with that challenging behavior, is reinforced while the challenging behavior is extinguished.
DRO
is a procedure for decreasing challenging behavior in which reinforcement is contingent on the absence of the problem behavior during or at specific times.
Extinction
A procedure in which a behavior that was previously reinforced is no longer reinforced and the rate of behavior decreases
Extinction Burst
An temporary increase in behavior that occurs at the beginning of an extinction procedure
Abolishing Operation
is a motivating operation that decreases the reinforcing effectiveness of a stimulus object, or event; makes you want something less
Establishing Operation
is a motivating operation that establishes the effectiveness of some stimulus, object, or event as a reinforce; Makes you want something more
Task Analysis
Breaking a complex skill into smaller, teachable units
Automatic Reinforcement
Not a socially mediated reinforcement
Partial Interval
A interval recording procedure in which an observer notes whether or not a behavior occurred at all during an interval
Whole Interval
An interval recording procedure in which an observer notes whether or not a behavior occurs during the entire duration of an interval
Momentary Time Sampling
An interval recording procedure in which an observer notes whether or not a behavior occurs at the end of an interval (when the timer goes off)
Interresponse Time
Amount of time that elapses between two consecutive instances of a response class
Trials to Criterion
Measure of the number of response opportunities needed to achieve a predetermined level of performance
Topography
The physical form or shape of a behavior
Magnitude
The force or intensity with which a response is emitted
Time Sampling
Whole interval recording, partial interval recording, momentary time sampling (occurring at end of sample)
Continuous measurement
Recording data on all instances of specified behavior, such as through frequency and duration
Discontinuous measurement
Recording data on some instances of behavior, such as through whole-interval, partial-interval and momentary time sampling.