AP European History- Ch. 10

Terms in this set (49)

(1355-1378) recognized Parler's talents and enlisted him in making his Bohemian capital one of the most splendid cities of Europe; king of Bohemia and Holy Roman Emperor (this was secured by his father, John); invited Parler to complete his great Prague cathedral; his roots were in the Rhineland; his cultural inspiration was in France; in the Luxembourg family; at the height of his power, he controlled Luxembourg, Brabant, Lusatia, Silesia, Moravia, Meissen, and Brandenburg; his daughter married Richard II of England - one son succeeded him in Bohemia and another obtained the Hungarian crown; father is John of Luxembourg and mother is Elizabeth, Premysl heiress of Bohemia; born in Prague and deeply committed to it; spent most of his youth in France, and was deeply influenced by French culture; rediscovered his Czech roots when he returned to Prague in 1333; worked to make Prague a cultural center by combining French and Czech traditions; imported artisans, architects, and artists to transform and beautify his capital; in 1248 he founded a university of Prague (the 1st in the empire) modeled on the University of Paris; interested in history - provided court historians with the sources necessary to write their histories of the Bohemian kingdom; took a more active role in the cultural renewal than any European king, since Alfred of England; fostered a literary renaissance in both Latin and Czech; forgot Czech when he was in France, but soon learned to read and write, as well as French, German, Italian, and Latin; authored a number of religious texts, fostered the use of Czech language in religious services, initiated a Czech translation of the Bible; the first lay person to compose his own autobiography in medieval Europe; dismantled the Holy Roman Empire while building up the city of Prague; issued the "Golden Bull"