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Terms in this set (24)
The New Right
In the 1970s right-wing grass-roots groups across the country emerged to support and promote single issues that reflected their key interests.
Goals of Conservative Movement
Conservative intellectuals argued that their movement was founded to develop conservative policies and principles that would appeal to the majority of voters.
The Moral Majority was an organization formed by televangelists were Jerry Falwell and Pat Robertson and consisted mostly of evangelical and fundamentalist Chrsitians who interpreted the Bible literally and believed in absolute standars of right and wrong. They condemned liberal attitudes and behaviors and argued for restoration of traditional moral values.
He lost the Republican nomination to Gerald Ford. Four years later he became President.
The Great Communicator
Nixon was called, by his supporters, the Great Communicator because of his long-standing skill at simplifying issues and presenting clear-cut answers.
Reagan's policies, "Reagonomics", consisted of three parts: budget cuts, tax cuts and increased defense spending.
The "Trickle- down" theory
Ronald Reagan's budget director, David Stockman, drafted the Economic Recovery Tax Act in 1981. The Act cut income and business taxes by an average of 25 percent; the largest cuts went to those with the highest incomes. He believed that as prosperity returned the profits at the top would trickle down to the middle class and even the poor.
Sandra Day O'Connor
She was nominated by Ronald Reagan as Supreme Court Justice and was the first woman to be appointed to the Court.
He was Reagan's secretary of the interior and sold millions of acres of public land to private developers.
She was chosen as running mate of Walter Mondale who won the Democratic nomination in 1984. She became the first woman on a major party's presidential ticket.
He was Reagan's vice president from 84 to 88 and won the presidential election in 1988. He built his strategies on Reagan's legacy, no new taxes, and was a believer in the Moral Majority.
Roe v. Wade
In 1973 the Supreme Court ruled that first-trimester abortions were protected by a woman's right to privacy.
Webster v. Republic Health Care
In July 1989 the Supreme Court ruled that states had the right to impose new restrictions on abortion. As a result, abortion restrictions varied from state to state.
"A Nation at Risk"
The nation was concerned about education. A federal commission issued a report on education entitled "A Nation at Risk". The report showed that American students were behind the students of other nations.
"feminization of poverty"
Even though in 1992 57.8 percent of the nation's women were part of the work force and a growing percentage of women worked as professionals and managers, women only earned about 75 cents for every dollar men earned.
Latinos as a growing minority
By 1990, they constituted almost nine percent of the population. Like African Americans, Latinos gained political power during the 1980's.
Ecotopia, Sunbelt, Rustbelt
The West was sometimes called Ecotopia because of its varied scenery and ecological attractions. The South and Southwest were called the Sunbelt because of their warm climate. The North Central and Northeast regions were called the Rustbelt because many of their aging factories had been closed.
Gorbachev and glasmost
Mikhail Gorbachev became the general secretary of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union. He was a skilled diplomat and political leader and advocated a policy known as glasmost (Russian for "openness"). He allowed open criticism of the Soviet government and took steps toward freedom of the press.
Intermediate- range nuclear forces treaty
Gorbachev, wanting to reduce the military spending of the Soviet Union, initiated a series of meetings which led to the INF Treaty (Intermediate- Range Nuclear Forces Treaty) signed on December 8, 1987. The treaty eliminated two classes of weapons systems in Europe and allowed each nation to make on-site inspectionsnof the other's military installations.
Nicaragua and the Boland Amendment
After being present in Nicaragua since 1912 the United States left in 1933. As a cause of the civil war in Nicaragua and Nicaragua being a Soviet outpost , Congress passed the Boland Amendment, banning military aid to the Contras for two years.
Iran- Contra scandal
In 1983, terrorist groups loyal to Iran took a number of Americans hostage in Lebanon. Because of the hostages Reagan denounced Iran. Americans were shocked when they found out that Reagan sold arms to Iran and to Contras which violated the Boland Amendment. After a congressional investigation indicted various members of the Reagan administration who were involved in the scandal.
He was a member of the National Security Council staff who played a key role in providing aid to the Contras. He defended himself by saying he thought he was carrying out the president's wishes and that the end of helping the Contras justified almost any means.
Operation Desert Storm
President Bush launched Operation Desert Storm to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi control. Kuwait was liberated after a few attacks.
H. Norman Schwarzkopf
He became commander in chief of forces in Asia and Africa.
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