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World History Test 6
Terms in this set (75)
The two main reasons for finding another trade route were _____.
Religious & Economy
For a nation to prosper, it must _____ with its neighbors.
Brazil turned out to be very profitable for Portugal because of _____.
European slave trading became a major issue in the colony of _____.
This explorer discovered a way around the African southern tip.
Two things that enabled the Portuguese to begin overseas exploration were:
Better cartography& Advanced navigation techniques
Portugal denied this explorer's request to sail to the New World.
The three main religions that were in conflict in Spain were _____.
Jews & Catholic & Muslims
This explorer was looking for the Fountain of Youth in Florida.
Ponce de Leon
Hernando de Soto
Vasco Nunez de Balboa
the Grand Canyon
the Mississippi River
The Pacific Ocean
Under the encomienda system, victorious conquistadors were made ____ over the land.
The ________ Exchange was the mass trading of flora, fauna, people, and diseases between the New World and Old World.
Name three characteristics of the encomienda system.
Natives paid tribute to the conquistadors.
Conquistadors became trustees of the land.
Indigenous population got to keep their lands.
Two things that were introduced to the Old World from the New during the Columbian Exchange were _____.
Potatoes & Corn
Economic competition between countries usually came at the expense of others.
Imperialism needed two things to work. They were:
Land & Trade
The economic system where colonies supply goods to the mother country is called _____.
The Seven Year's War shifted the balance of power in favor of the _____.
English presence in India hastened the fall of the Empire.
England and France originally explored North America looking for the ____ Passage to the Orient.
This company became the richest company on Earth.
Dutch East India Company
After the _____ Rebellion, the British government took over political control of India.
Even though France lost its territories in North America and India, it was able to keep them in _____.
The 'divide and rule' policy employed by the English was developed by the _____.
The Songhay Empire replaced the ____ Empire.
The two most important items traded in Songhay were _____.
Salt & Gold
The kingdom of the fifty-two clans was also known as the ____ Empire.
The Palmares kingdom was composed of escaped _____.
The Songhay Empire's major trading center was _____.
The first documentation about slavery in human history can be found in the _____.
Code of Hammurabi
About what percentage of slaves died while in route to the New World from Africa?
After disease wiped out the African slaves, the Portuguese used indigenous people as workers in the fields and gold mines.
_______, cultures, societies, and the world change through times of conflict and cooperation
European imperialism was started by _____.
What were three typical reasons for a person to become a slave?
Pay of Debts
Prisoner of War
This Portuguese explorer discovered Brazil.
The two main kinds of slavery were _____.
Indentured & chattel
This Spanish explorer is credited with discovering Cuba.
The African colony of Palmares was located in this country.
What are two lasting legacies of Portugal's history?
Many indigenous cultures lost their land.
It showed that a small country can make a big impact.
Which city below was not one of the Songhay Empire's major ones?
This Portuguese explorer is credited with discovering the route to India.
The two Opium Wars were between China and _____.
This Spanish conquistador conquered the Incas.
The Buganda Empire is known today as _____.
The era where many plants, animals, diseases, and people were exchanged between the Old World and New World was called the ______ Exchange.
Russia's age of imperialism included sea ports in the _____.
Two characteristics of the Spanish encomienda system were:
Indigenous people got to keep their land.
Victorious Spanish became trustees of the land.
The printing press was invented by _____.
A book about an ideal leader, The Prince, was written by _____.
Thomas More, who died for what he believed in, coined the word _____.
Michelangelo is known for:
architectural work on St. Peter's Basilica in Rome
a marble statue of David
Johannes Kepler is best known for his work on planetary motion.
Which of these was Sir Isaac Newton not known for?
Invention of the microscope
Erasmus wrote a new version of _____.
the New Testament
Was an accomplished flutist, allowed freedom of the press, and made sure that judges were properly educated.
The God-given right to rule is called _____.
The first nation built on a capitalistic system was _____.
The Magna Carta paved the way for a parliamentary form of government in _____.
This monarch reigned longer than any other major European leader, and he created the legal code of his country.
Individuals, __________, societies, and the world change through times of conflict and cooperation.
Four distinct characteristics of any society are:
According to the lesson, the lessening of punishment for a wrongdoing is called a (an) _____.
_____ continued to be the primary religion of the Middle East region.
These two major religions grew steadily because they were able to assimilate and coexist with other religions.
Buddhism and Hinduism
This Swiss reformer was killed in battle.
To change or improve something by correcting faults or removing abuses is to _____.
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