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The Age of Exploration
Terms in this set (38)
What was the Atlantic Slave Trade and why did it Start?
The Atlantic Slave Trade started because many natives were dying due to the spread of disease. Africans were immune to most of the disease and therefore better laborers for the Europeans. The Atlantic Slave Trade was the trade of Africans as slaves to the Americas.
Why were Africans Traded?
Africans were traded because of their resistance to disease, lack of knowledge of the terrain, agricultural skills, and because of the labor shortage.
What were the benefits of a colony?
Colonies produced raw materials at a cheap rate and the mother country turned the raw materials into goods. then they sold the goods at a higher price leading to a greater profit for the mother country.
What were some of the horrors of the middle passage?
-people chained together
-no room for movement
-barely fed anything
What were the purposes of Zheng He's voyages
Emperor Hongwu was curious about the outside world so Zheng He went to explore. He also helped to strengthen relationships between countries.
Who did the Ming Dynasty Trade with and why?
The Ming Dynasty traded with the Dutch because the Dutch accepted the restrictions that the Chinese put into place
Describe how and why China and Japan reacted to European explorers/traders.
The country of Japan didn't like the idea of depending on other countries for goods and ideas. They wanted to remain self-sufficient. TO accomplish this, the Japanese enacted their Closed Country Policy. This prevented people and foreign ideas from entering and exiting Japan.
The Chinese had just driven out the Mongols and didn't want Europeans to threaten the peace and prosperity that the Ming, the new dynasty, had brought them. As a result, the Chinese trade policies reflected isolation. Only the government was allowed to conduct foreign trade. China also didn't industrialize because of their Confucian beliefs and because Chinese economic policies favored.
Summarize the European motivations for trans-oceanic trade as well as the innovations that allowed them to travel further.
Europeans were opened to trans-oceanic trade because they wanted to spread Christianity, they had a desire for wealth and power, and because they wanted fame. The idea of mercantilism also motivated Europeans. Through the inventions of caravels, triangular sails, the astrolabe, and the compass, Europeans were able to travel further than ever.
Describe the Atlantic Slave Trade and its effects.
The Atlantic Slave Trade involved the relocation of Africans to the Americas. These Africans were sold as slaves. This led to cheap labor and a greater production level for countries. This also led to over 100 years of slavery and the oppression of African Americans in the 1900s.
Assess the positive and negative consequences of the Columbian Exchange.
The Columbian Exchange led to entire populations of natives being wiped out due to European diseases. However, the Columbian exchange introduced many new products to Europe. The movement of crops did lead to many soil issues because the crops moved weren't native. The Columbian exchange also helped to establish relationships between the world as a whole.
first to officially sponsor European sea voyages and exploration native to Portugal
found sea route to India
Vasco de Gama
when you export more than you import
favorable balance of trade
first to see pacific from the new world
vasco nunez de balboa
first to sail aorund the tip of africa
reasons for exploration
god, gold, glory
it moved the line of demarcation further west. Portugal got Brazil and Spain got everything else
treaty of tordesillas
ships that combined rectangular and triangular sails allowing for more manuverability
instrument used to figure out angular distances and taking altitudes
most famous chinese explorer that expanded Asia with his expeditions
invaded China and establing Qing Dynasty
dynasty that expanded china to include Taiwan, Chinese Central Asia, Mongolia, and Tibet
mixed Spanish and Native population
system where Spanish landlords forced natives to work lands
policy where Japans borders were sealed. No one could enter/exit preventing the spread of ideas in japan
closed country policy
discovered the americas in 1492
area under control of a distant country
king of inca
conqueror of Aztec
came to americas for wealth and conquered natives
conqueror of Inca
trade routes betweeen africa, europe, and the americas
exchange between the americas and africa
global transfer of foods, animals, and plants during colonization
economic system based on private ownership and investment for profit
investors bought shares of company and the money paid was used to help the company grow
idea that there was a limited amount of gold and the country with the most gold is most powerful
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