26 terms

American Government: Roots and Reform - Chapter Fifteen

STUDY
PLAY
affiliates
local television stations that carry the programming of a national network
agenda setting
the constant process of forming the list of issues to be addressed by government
blog
Web-based journal entries that provide an editorial and news outlet for citizens
broadcast media
television, radio, cable, and satellite services
citizen journalism
the collecting, reporting, and analyzing of news content by ordinary individuals
content regulation
government attempts to regulate the substance of the mass media
deep background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to any source
equal time rule
the rule that requires broadcast stations to sell air time equally to all candidates in a political campaign if they choose to sell it to any
framing
the process by which a news organization defines a political issue and consequently affects opinion about the issue
mass media
the entire array of organizations through which information is collected and disseminated to the general public
media effects
the influence of news sources on public opinion
muckraking
a form of journalism, in vogue in the early twentieth century, concerned with reforming government and business conduct
narrowcasting
targeting media programming at specific populations within society
network
an association of broadcast stations (radio or television) that share programming through a financial arrangement
new media
technologies, such as the Internet, that blur the lines between media sources and create new opportunities for the dissemination of news and other information
news media
media providing the public with new information about subjects of public interest
New York Times Co. v. Sullivan (1964)
the Supreme Court concluded that "actual malice" must be proved to support a finding of libel against a public figure
off the record
information provided to a journalist that will not be released to the public
on background
information provided to a journalist that will not be attributed to a named source
on the record
information provided to a journalist that can be released and attributed by name to the source
press briefing
a relatively restricted session between a press secretary or aide and the press
press conference
an unrestricted session between an elected official and the press
press release
a document offering an official comment or position
print media
the traditional form of mass media, comprising newspapers, magazines, newsletters, and journals
wire service
an electronic delivery of news gathered by the news service's correspondents and sent to all member news media organizations
yellow journalism
a form of newspaper publishing in vogue in the late nineteenth century that featured pictures, comics, color, and sensationalized, oversimplified news coverage
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