Terms in this set (65)
Plants that do not have xylem and phloem. They are small and must remain close to moisture.
Mosses and their relatives
Waxy coating on the outside of leaves. Keeps water from evaporating from plants.
Transports water up the plant
Transports sugars and nutrients both up and down the plant stem.
Seedless vascular plants
Ferns and their relatives
Plants that have xylem and phloem
Flowering seed plants
Cone-bearing seed plants. Ex. Pine, spruce, fir trees
Type of flowering plant that has one cotyledon
Type of flowering plant that has two cotyledons
Seed-bearing vascular plants
Includes both gymnosperms and angiosperms
The seed-leaf in a seed. This is a source of food for the embryo.
Bundles of xylem and phloem in the stem. Transports water, sugar, and nutrients.
Mass of roots that are string-like and all about the same size.
Large central root
Alternation of generations
The life cycle of plants
Reproduction that involves one parent and does not not increase genetic variation.
The reproductive cell that is involved in asexual reproduction in plants
Stage in the life cycle of a plant that produces gametes
Sex cells produces during meiosis
In plants, this is the egg or female
In plants, this is the male gamete
Reproduction that involves two haploid cell. When that join together, they form a diploid organism with a new genetic combination.
Stage in the life cycle of a plant that produces spores
Organism that can make its own food
Made of more that one cell
Cell that has a nucleus and organelles.
Root-like extensions in mosses. Anchors the moss to the ground and absorb water through osmosis.
The movement of water from areas of higher concentration to areas of lower concentration across a semi-permeable membrane.
Organs of plants
The roots, stems, and leaves
Structure on the plant in charge of absorbing water, anchoring the plant to the ground, and storing excess food.
Structure on the plant that transports water and sugars and supports the leaves and reproductive structures of the plant.
Structure on the plant where most of the photosynthesis occurs.
Made of xylem and phloem.
Opening on the underside of leaves through which gas exchange can occur.
Cells that surround the stomata and control whether the opening is open or closed.
The actively growing portion of the plant.
Increase the surface area for water and nutrient uptake.
A stem that is green and flexible.
A stem that is made of wood.
A leaf of a fern plant.
The young leaf of a fern plant. It is edible.
The sacs on the underside of fern leafs that contain spores.
The transfer of pollen to the female part of the plant.
House the embryo. Have a source of food and a hard coat around the outside.
The rudimentary "baby" plant usually contained in the seed.
Food supply for the seed.
Hard outer covering of a seed.
Word that means "naked"
Word that means "seed"
Cone-bearing evergreen plant
Plant that keeps its leaves all year long
Work that means "vessel" or "enclosed"
The male part of the flower. Includes the anther and filament
Part of the male part flower. Produces and stores pollen
Part of the male part of the flower. Stalk that supports the anther
Part of the female part of the flower. Tube in the pistil that allows access to the ovules.
Part of the female of the flower. The sticky tip of the pistil.
Part of the female part of the flower. The swollen lower portion of the pistil.
Part of the female part of the flower. These are the unfertilized eggs.
Mature ovary with thickened walls that contains one or more seeds.
Modified leaves at the base of the flower. Protects the flower when it is a bud.
Can be colorful to attract different types of pollinators.
When the pollen tube reaches the ovule to join the male gamete to the female gamete.
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