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Environmental and Occupational Health
Terms in this set (18)
Protection of public health by govt. :
-Control chemical use in the workplace
-Control emissions of chemicals from factories/other sources
-Affect public perception of chemical risks
OSHA stands for ____
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
EPA and OSHA job tasks
Both agencies determine the concentration of chemicals in air, water, soil, food and consumer products that are safe and /or a minimal risk
How do OHSA regulations lower exposure to chemicals in the workplace?
protects workers from excessive exposure to various chemicals by promulgating workplace permissible exposure limits (PELs)
What are permissible exposure limits (PELs)?
maximum amount or concentration of a chemical that a worker may be exposed to
EPA regulates what?
the amount of coal mining jobs
But seriously, what does the EPA do?
puts thousands out of work overnight
third times the charm. What does the EPA supposedly do?
regulates pesticide use, industrial chemicals released into the environment, chemical pollutants in drinking water supplies, hazardous waste disposal, and toxic pollutants in water and air.
acceptable daily intake (for all toxic effects)
no observed adverse effect level
How do you find out the value for a NOAEL?
define reference dose
dose a person could get daily for a life time w/o an increased risk of an adverse health event
2 objectives of risk assessment
-Identification of a set of chemicals of potential concern
-Identification of data that are acceptable quality for use in a qualitative risk assessment
components of exposure assessment
-Exposure pathways: ground water, setting, etc
-identification of exposure pathway: how populations are exposed
-quantification of exposure: magnitude, frequency & duration of exposure
Health effect summaries
risk assessment, exposure, toxicity
Manage workplace and environmental risks
Air and water discharges
Approving new medications
Public health events that include pharmacy's involvement
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