Terms in this set (66)
The relative highness or lowness that we hear in a sound
A sound that has a definite pitch
The distance in pitch between any two tones
When tones are separated by this interval, they sound very much alike
The distance between the lowest and highest tones that a voice or instrument can produce
Degrees of loudness or softness in music
An emphasis placed on a tone by playing it more loudly than the tones around it
Tone Color (Timbre)
The quality that distinguishes instruments from each other that can be described in words such as: mellow, bright, dark, brilliant, and/or rich
An organized sound
Any type of random noise. Begins as a result of a vibrating object
Sound created by irregular vibrations
Tone used with loud dynamic to make it stand out
Bases on physical makeup and training
A mechanism that produces musical sounds (not a voice)
Portion of range where the instrument is playing
Sounds produces by small wedges plucking string-keyboard
Sound produces by air being directed into pipes. Wide range of pitch, dynamics, and tone color-keyboard
Tape Studio, Synthesizer, Small computer, MIDI
Single-note Instruments with sound produced by players' breath. The longer the tube, the lower the pitch.
Sound is produced by vibrating a tight cable. Longer String = lower pitch. Harp, Bass, Cello, Violin, Viola.
String Playing Techniques
Pizzicato (plucking), Double Stop (more than one string at a time), Vibrato (wavering color added to the sound), Mute (deadens vibrations at bridge), Tremolo (shimmering quality by repeating a note), Harmonics (pressing on the string=higher note)
Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba. Sound produced by blowing into a mouthpiece.
Sound produced by striking, shaking, or rubbing the instrument. Have definite and indefinite pitch.
Leads the performance ensemble and rehearses them ahead of the performance.
Flow of music (events) through time.
Recurrent pulsation. It divides music into equal units of time.
Grouping of beats. These groups of beats are called measures.
First and strongest beat in measure.
Emphasis on unexpected note/beat; an offbeat note that is accented.
The speed of the beat; the pace.
Indicates exact tempo/the number of beats per minute.
Letter names A-G are placed on a staff with a clef sign.
Sharp raises the pitch, flat lowers the pitch, and natural cancels a previous sharp or flat.
How the note looks indicates the duration of it
Rests indicate notated silence. Whole, half, quarter, eighth, and sixteenth.
Time signature indicates the meter of a piece of music. Written as 2 numbers where the top is beats per measure and the bottom is what type of note counts as one beat.
A series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole. Begins, moves, ends.
The way chords are constructed and how they follow each other.
Stable, Restful Chords
Unstable, Tense Chords
Movement away from dissonance
Simplest, most basic chord made of 3 notes notated on 3 adjacent lines or spaces.
Triad built on 1st scale note. Most stable, restful chord.
Triad built on 5th scale note; pulls strongly to the tonic.
Broken Chords (Arpeggios)
Chord tones sounded in series.
The centering of a melody/harmony around a central note.
Whole step, half step. Bright, happy sound
Wholes and halves in a weird order. Dark, sad sound.
All 12 tones played in one octave, all a half step apart. Does not define a key like major and minor.
Key change. Provides contrast within a longer piece.
Main key of a piece. Modulations usually return to this.
Layering of sound, how layers relate.
Melodic idea played on alone or in unison. Can be played by itself or in octaves.
Two or more equally important melodies sounding simultaneously (rounds in music).
One melody with chordal accompaniment.
Organization of musical elements in time. Uses repetition, contrast, and variation
Restating musical ideas
Avoiding monotony with new ideas
Reworking ideas to keep them new.
Three part form that includes simple ABA and subdivided aba or cdc.
Two part form such as AB, AAB, ABB, or AABB
Characteristic way of using melody, rhythm, harmony, tone color, dynamics, texture, and form.
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