In this theory of justice that considers punishment, if proportionate, to be the best response to crime. When an offender breaks the law, justice requires that they forfeit something in return. In contrast to revenge, this type of retribution is only directed at wrongs, has inherent limits, is not personal, involves no pleasure at the suffering of others, and employs procedural standards.
It is based upon the principle "Let the Punishment fit the Crime" which means the severity of Penalty for any misdeed should be reasonable and proportionate to the severity of the infraction. This Concept was common in many ancient cultures including the ancient Jewish Culture (as it is in the laws of Moses), Exodus [(part of the Old Testament) which includes the punishments "life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot". It also resembles the older Code of Hammurabi.
Traditionally, philosophers of punishment have contrasted retributivism with utilitarianism. For utilitarians, punishment is forward-looking, justified by a purported ability to achieve future social benefits, such as crime reduction. For retributionists, punishment is backward-looking, justified by the crime that has been committed and carried out to atone for the damage already done.
This type of Punishment was also Supported by the 18th Century Philosopher Immanuel Kant