Civil Rights and Great Society
Terms in this set (45)
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Upheld racial segregation in public facilities under the doctrine of "separate but equal".
Separation of races.
State segregation laws in the South.
Tireless Civil Rights lawyer who worked for the rights of minorities and the poor through the NAACP.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, formed to overturn Plessy vs. Ferguson.
Baseball player who became a symbol of Civil Rights when be broke the major league's color barrier.
Black musician who recorded the first Rock n Roll song: Rocket 88.
Brown vs. Board of Education
1954- court decision that declared state laws segregating schools to be unconstitutional, overturning Plessy v. Ferguson.
NAACP secretary who refused to stand on a bus when a white man wished to sit, sparking the Montgomery Bus Boycott.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Leader of the SCLC and iconic Civil Rights figure.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
SCLC: Fought against segregation using nonviolent means.
Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee
SNCC: Student based Civil Rights group that utilized nonviolent actions (sit-ins).
Congress of Racial Equality
CORE: Civil Rights organization best known for organizing the "Freedom Rides".
CORE members who took bus trips through southern states to protest interstate busing segregation.
Civil rights leader who founded CORE/Freedom Rides.
Member of CORE and Freedom Riders, currently a Georgia Congressman.
NAACP lawyer who defended accused Blacks, he was murdered in his driveway by a member of the Ku Klux Klan.
Civil rights leader whose college registration caused riots in Mississippi.
March on Washington
1963 demonstration in which people rallied for to show support of a Civil RIghts Bill.
1964 Civil Rights Bill
Legally ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex or national origin.
1964 effort to register African American voters and test the Civil Rights Bill.
Fannie Lour Hamer
Founder of the MFDP and Civil Rights leader.
Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Organized to politically challenge the Democratic Party in Mississippi.
1967 Race Riots
Resulted from the animosity or tensions between racial groups, providing a violent trajectory for the Civil Rights movement.
Radical and dynamic street recruiter for the Civil Rights Movement; beliefs were central to the Black Power movement.
Militant and radical Black Political Party, fueling a new trajectory for the Civil Rights Movement.
Bobby Seale and Huey Newton
Founders of the Black Panther Party.
James Earl Ray
Convicted of killing Martin Luther King Jr. in 1968.
Minnesotan musician who became a voice in the Civil Rights, Anti-War, and Counterculture Movements.
Defense policy that allowed appropriate action in any type of conflict (End/Prevent Brinksmanship).
Dem JFK vs. Rep Nixon. JFK won because of Civil Rights supporters and his better TV appearance.
Bay of Pigs
An unsuccessful invasion of Cuba in 1961 to overthrow Communist Cuban dictator Fidel Castro. "Fools to our friends, rascals to our enemies, and incompetent to the rest."-JFK
Cuban Missile Crisis
Near nuclear conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union over a Soviet attempt to deploy nuclear missiles in Cuba.
Separated East and West Berlin, built in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West.
Volunteer organization to help third world nations and prevent the spread of communism by getting rid of poverty. "We will end world hunger in 10 years."-JFK
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union.
American first lady and wife of JFK, known for her style and social grace.
Lee Harvey Oswald
Assassinated President Kennedy and was himself shot in front of television cameras by Jack Ruby.
John F. Kennedy
Democratic President whose time in office is remember as "Camelot" and was cut short by assassination.
JFK's Vice President who continued Kennedy's domestic dreams through implementation of the Great Society (Sworn in on Air Force One)
Investigation of the Kennedy assassination, concluding that there was a lone gunman.
Clearing and redevelopment of urban neighborhoods.
The Great Society
Lyndon B. Johnson instituted federally sponsored social programs (Let us continue).
Supreme Court of the 1960s under Chief Justice Earl Warren, whose decisions supported Civil Rights and the Great Society