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Anatomy Final Practice Questions - Exam 3
Terms in this set (55)
Which blood type is considered to be the universal donor?
A. O positive
B. O negative
C. AB positive
D. AB negative
Which is NOT a protein found in the blood plasma?
Pernicious anemia is caused by:
A. folic acid deficiency
B. moderate hemolysis
C. vitamin B12 deficiency
D. exposure to benzene
What part of the erythrocyte is made into bilirubin?
D. cell membrane
How is the effect of sickle-cell anemia best described?
B. low RBC production
C. high RBC destruction
D. none of the above
Of the blood cells, which one is a fragment of a cell?
Which type of plasma protein keeps the blood volume at a steady level?
What does hematocrit measure?
A. volume of leukocytes
B. iron level of blood
C. volume of erythrocytes
D. platelet count
How many O2 can one hemoglobin molecule carry?
An individual who is blood type AB negative can:
A. receive any blood type in moderate amounts except that with the Rh antigen
B. donate to all blood types in moderate amounts
C. receive types A, B, and AB, but not type O
D. donate to types A, B, and AB but not to type O
All of the following can be expected with polycythemia EXCEPT:
A. high hematocrit
B. low blood viscosity
C. increased blood volume
D. high blood pressure
No visible cytoplasmic granules are present in:
Which of the following is characteristic of all leukocytes?
A. they are nucleated
B. they have cytoplasmic granules
C. they are phagocytic
D. they are the most numerous of the formed elements in blood
Which of the following is true about blood plasma?
A. it is four times as viscous as water
B. the main protein component is hemoglobin
C. it is about 90% water
D. it ranges from bright red to crimson in color
When can erythroblastosis fetalis NOT possibly happen in the child of an Rh negative mother?
A. if the child is type O positive
B. if the child is RH+
C. if the father is Rh+
D. if the father is Rh-
What organ in the body regulate erythrocyte production?
Which of the following is a protective function of blood?
A. prevention of blood loss
B. maintenance of adequate fluid volume
C. maintenance of normal pH in body tissue
D. maintenance of body temperature
Which of the following is NOT a distribution function of blood?
A. delivery of oxygen to body cells
B. transport of metabolic wastes from cells
C. transport of hormones to their target organs
D. transport of salts to maintain blood volume
What is the average normal pH range of blood?
Which of the following is NOT a step in coagulation?
A. platelet plug formation
D. vascular spasm
small organs associated with lymphatic vessels are termed:
A. lymph follicles
B. lymph nodes
The thymus is most active during:
C. middle age
D. old age
Which lymphatic structure drains lymph from the right upper limb and the right side of the head and thorax?
A. lumbar trunk
B. thoracic duct
C. right lymphatic duct
D. cisterna chyli
The lymphatic capillaries are:
A. more permeable than blood capillaries
B. less permeable than blood capillaries
C. as permeable as blood capillaries
D. completely impermeable
Antibodies that act against a particular foreign substance are released by:
A. t lymphocytes
B. plasma cells
C. lymph nodes
Lymph leaves a lymph node via
A. afferent lymphatic vessels
B. efferent lymphatic vessels
C. the cortical sinus
D. the subcapsular sinus
Lymphoid tissue that appears as a swelling of the mucosa in the oral cavity is called a(n):
C. peyer's patch
Large clusters of lymph nodes occur in all of the following locations EXCEPT the:
A. inguinal region
B. cervical region
C. axillary region
D. lower extremeties
Which of the following is NOT a normal component of lymph?
B. plasma proteins
C. red blood plasma
Which of the following are functions of lymphoid tissue?
A. house and provide a proliferation site for lymphocytes
B. house and provide a proliferation site for neutrophils
C. Furnish an ideal surveillance vantage point for lymphocytes and macrophages
D. A and C
Which of the following is associated with passive immunity?
A. exposure to an antigen that results in disease symptoms
B. infusion of weakened viruses
C. passage of IgG antibodies from a pregnant mother to her fetus
D. booster shot of a vaccine
Which of the following is not a type of T cell?
B lymphocytes mature in the:
C. bone marrow
D. lymph nodes
The process whereby neutrophils and other white blood cells squeeze through capillary walls to leave the bloodstrea, is called:
Small molecules that bind with self proteins to produce antigenic substances are called:
Regulatory T cells:
A. release cytokines that increase the activity of cytotoxic T cells and activated B cells
B. decrease their activity as antigenic stimulus decreases
C. may function in preventing autoimmune reactions
D. aid B cells in antibody production
Cancer cells and virus infected body cells can be killed before activation of adaptive immunity by:
A. t lymphocytes
B. B lymphocytes
C. natural killer cells
Innate immune system defenses include:
A. B cells
B. T cells
C. plasma cells
Which of the following would be classified as a delayed hypersensitivity reaction?
A. immune complex hypersensitivity
C. cytotoxic hypersensitivity
D. allergic contacy dermatitis
A. is a higher than normal body temperature that is always dangerous
B. decreases the metabolic rate of the body to conserve energy
C. production is regulated by chemicals that reset the body's thermostat to a high setting
D. causes the liver to release large amounts of iron, which seems to inhibit bacterial replication
Select the correct statement about active and passive immunity:
A. immunological memory is established by passive immunization
B. a vaccination is an example of the introduction of passive immunity into the body
C. the antibodies utilized in active immunity are acquired from another organism
D. active and passive humoral immunity are both mechanisms of adaptive immunity that was antibodies
Which of the following is NOT an autoimmune disease?
A. multiple sclerosis
B. type II diabetes mellitus
C. systemic lupus erythematosus
D. rheumatoid arthritis
Which of the following cells is the most critical cell in immunity?
A. B cell
B. helper T cell
C. cytotoxic T cell
Which of the following is NOT a method by which antibodies work?
A. neutralizing antigen
B. enhancing phagocytosis
C. direct cell lysis
D. agglutinating and precipitating antigen
What is the role of interferon in defense against disease?
A. protects cells that have not yet been infected by viruses
B. protects cells that have not yet been infected by bacteria
C. activates the complement mechanism
D. activates the inflammatory process
The first line of defense of the immune system includes:
A. inflammatory response
C. external body membranes
D. adaptive immunity
Where do B cells and T cells mature?
A. B cells mature in the bone marrow and T cells mature in the thyroid
B. B cells mature in the blood and T cells mature in the bone marrow
C. B cells mature in the bone marrow and T cells mature in the thymus
D. B cells and T cells mature in the bone marro
What type of antibody cannot cross the placenta because of its size?
The most abundant antibody in the plasma is:
The type of antibody that rises during allergic reactions is:
Babies receive what two types of antibodies from their mother?
A. IgG across placenta and IgA from nursing
B. IgA across placenta and IgG from nursing
C. IgM across placenta and IgE from nursing
D. IgD across placenta and IgM from nursing
Anaphylactic shock is a type of:
A. autoimmune disease
C. immediate hypersensitivity
D. subacute hypersensitivity
The best treatment for anaphylactic shock is:
A. blood transfusions
B. IgG infusion
How are autoimmune diseases treated?
A. by suppressing the entire immune system
B. by suppressing the incorrectly targeted immune cells only
C. by suppressing a hypersensitivity reaction
D. by enhancing the immune response
The type of T cell that remains inactive until the next time the pathogen returns is the:
A. cytotoxic T cell
B. memory T cell
C. regulatory T cell\
D. helper T cells
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 23- Digestive System
Chapter 25: Urinary System
Chapter 26: Fluid and Electrolyte Balance
Chapter 27 Reproductive System
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