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NURS 3450 ATI Chapter 5: Health promotion of Preschoolers
Terms in this set (52)
What is the age range for preschool age children?
How much weight should preschool age children gain each year?
2-3 kg (4.4-6.6 lbs)
How much should a preschooler grow each year?
6.5-9 cm/ 2.6-3.5 inches
Explain the bodily transition from toddlerhood to preschool age.
They evolve away from the characteristically unsteady wide stances and protruding abdomens of toddlers, into a more graceful, posturally erect, and sturdy physicality.
At what age should a child be able to ride a tricycle?
At what age should a child be able to jump from a bottom step?
At what age should a child be able to stand on one foot for a few seconds?
At what age should a child be able to skip and hop on one foot?
At what age should a child be able to throw a ball overhead?
At what age should a child be able to jump rope?
At what age should a child be able to walk backward with heel to toe?
At what age should a child be able to throw and catch a ball with ease?
At what age do children transition from the preconceptual phase to the phase of intuitive thought? How long does this phase last?
4-7 years old
As the child enters the phase of intuitive thought, they are no longer totally egocentric but are then able to understand the ____ of others and develop _____ awareness.
What do preschoolers make judgments based on?
What type of variations in thinking are common for preschoolers?
What is magical thinking?
Thoughts can cause events to occur
What is animism?
Inanimate objects are alive
What is centration?
Focus on one aspect instead of considering the whole
Preschoolers begin to understand the sequence of _____ _____, and gain a better comprehension of ____-oriented words.
daily events; time
How many words should the preschooler know by the end of the fifth year?
Explain the sentence structure of a 3-4 year old.
Speak in sentences of 3-4 words
Explain the sentence structure of a 4-5 year old.
Speak in 4-5 word sentences
What psychosocial stage of development are preschoolers in, according to Erikson?
Initiative vs. guilt
Despite not having all of the physical abilities necessary to be successful at everything, preschoolers become _____ learners.
When does guilt arise for preschoolers?
When they believe they have misbehaved or when they are unable to accomplish a task
Explain how early preschoolers decide to take actions.
They continue in the good-bad orientation of the toddler years, and actions are taken based on whether or not it will result in a reward or punishment.
Explain how older preschoolers decide to take actions.
They take actions based on satisfying personal needs, but are beginning to understand the concepts of justice and fairness.
What can occur if a preschooler experiences stress, insecurity, or illness?
They may regress to previous immature behaviors or develop habits such as nose picking, bedwetting, and thumbsucking.
At what age do preschoolers begin comparing themselves to their peers?
Why are injections, cuts, and other intrusive experiences so frightening to preschoolers?
Poor understanding of anatomy
As preschoolers begin to recognize differences in appearances, they are able to identify what is considered _____ and _____.
Do preschoolers generally exhibit stranger anxiety and separation anxiety?
What can be used to help ease preschoolers fears during prolonged separation?
Favorite toys and appropriate play
What type of play allows preschoolers to determine the difference between reality and fantasy?
As the preschooler matures, they transition from parallel play to what type of play?
Explain associative play.
Not highly organized, but cooperation does exist between children
List examples of appropriate activities for preschoolers.
-Putting puzzles together
-Playing pretend and dress-up activities
When should preschoolers receive DTap?
When should preschoolers receive MMR?
When should preschoolers receive IPV?
Compared to adults, how much energy do preschoolers consume?
about half (1,800 kcal)
At what age does picky eating subside, making preschoolers more willing to sample different foods?
How much protein should a preschooler receive each day?
Which minerals and vitamins are crucial for preschoolers?
Calcium, iron, folate, vitamin A, vitamin C
Saturated fats should be less than ___% of a preschooler's total caloric intake, ,and total fat over several days should be __%-__% of total caloric intake.
10, 20, 30
How much should preschoolers sleep each day?
12 hrs/day, sometimes with a nap
List appropriate interventions for sleep disturbances and night terrors.
-Keep a consistent bedtime routine
-Use a night light
-Reassure kids who are frightened, but avoid allowing them to sleep with parents
When is eruption of primary teeth finalized?
By the beginning of the preschool years
What is the best way to prevent dental carries in preschoolers?
Parents should assist and supervise brushing and flossing
When the forward facing car seat is outgrown, what should the preschooler transition to?
A booster seat
At what point should a child discontinue use of an approved car restraint system?
145 cm (4 feet 9 inches)
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