What are carbohydrates main function?
Stores chemical energy and durable building materials for biological construction.
What is the simple sugar structure?
Chain of carbon atoms, each having a hydroxyl (-OH) group. Carbonyl group determines if ketose (ketone) or aldose (aldehyde).
Sugars with 5 or more carbons...
undergo a self-reaction that converts them into a closed, or ring containing molecule.
How do sugars join one another?
Covalent glycosidic bonds are formed by the reaction of a carbon atom of one sugar with the hydroxyl group of another sugar.
Highly branched glucose polymer that serves as readily available chemical energy in most animal cells.
Small chains composed of sugars covalently attached to lipids and proteins; they distinguish one type of cell from another and help mediate interactions of a cell with its surroundings
Three polysaccharides with identical sugar monomers but dramatically different properties.
Glycogen (branched), Starch (helical), and Cellulose (unbranched).
Mixture of two glucose polymers, amylose and amylopectin, that serves as readily available chemical energy in most plant cells.
Unbranched glucose polymer with Beta(1-->4) linkages that assembles into cables and serves as a principal structural element of plant cell walls.
Molecules consisting of a glycerol backbone linked by ester bonds to three fatty acids, also termed triacylglycerols
Polymers consisting of a glycerol backbone linked by ester bonds to three fatty acids, commonly called fats.
The biologically important property of a molecule having both hydrophobic and hydrophilic regions
The property of selective interaction between components of a cell that is basic to life.
A long, continous unbranched polymer formed by amino acids joined to one another by covalent peptide bonds.