70 terms

A&P 1 study guide

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

What system takes oxygen and expels carbon dioxide?
Respiratory
What system is the skin & associated structures a part of ?
Integumentary
What system is the spinal cord related to?
Nervous
The main control method for maintaining homeostasis in the body is called______________?
Negative feedback
Fluid within the cell is called what?
Intracellular
The term describing a state of internal balance is called what ?
Homeostasis
The study of the body function is ___________?
Physiology
The correct order of body organization is :
Cell, tissue, organ, system, body/organism
The system that transports blood to and from the body cells is _________?
Circulatory
The system comprised of bones & joints is ____________?
Skeletal
The body systems involved in communications & control are _______________ & ________________?
Nervous & endocrine
A mixture where components separate unless shaken is called what ?
Suspension
A substance with a pH of 8.5 is called what?
Alkaline, basic
A substance with a pH of 4.0 is __________?__________ acidic than a substance with a pH of 6.0.
More
A substance that dissolves in another substance is called what?
Solute
Material that fills the cell from nuclear membrane to plasma membrane is the
Cytoplasm
What are small hair like projections from the cells that create motion ?
Cilia
What are the small bodies in the cytoplasm that manufacture protein ?
Ribosomes
What is the large organelle that Is the control center of the cell?
Nucleus
Diffusion a of WATER through a semipermeable membrane is the process of what ?
Osmosis
The process of specialized cells engulfing large particles is called
Phagocytosis to
Small projections of plasma membrane that aid in absorption of materials are called
Microvilli
What process requires cellular ATP?
Active transport
What is a cord of connective tissue that joins a muscle to a bone called?
Tendon
The cardiac muscle makes up the wall of the _______?_______.
Heart
What muscle type is considered to be under voluntary control ?
Skeletal
What is another term for skin?
Cutaneous membrane
What is the tissue that surrounds the heart ?
Pericardium
What does the endocrine glands secrete ?
Hormones
How many pairs of spinal nerves are there ?
31
How many pairs of cervical spinal nerves are there ?
8
What are the fibers that conduct impulses away from the cell body ?
Axons
What are the neurons that conduct impulses away from the cell body ?
Sensory neurons
What do neurotransmitter bind to ?
Receptors
Acetylcholine, dopamine, & noradrenaline are known as ______?________
Neurotransmitters
What is the fluid found in the central canal of the spinal cord ?
CSF
What does the pons, & medulla oblongata together make ?
Brain stem
What lobe of the brain is the motor speech area located ?
Frontal
The primary somatosensory area is found in what lobe of the brain ?
Parietal
Impulses for the sense & smell are found in what lobe of the brain ?
Temporal
The visual area of the cortex is located in what lobe of the brain ?
Occipital
What are the small air sacs in the lungs where gases are exchanged ?
Alveoli
What part of the respiratory tract contains the vocal folds ?
Larynx
What is the leaf shaped cartilage that covers the larynx during swallowing ?
Epiglottis
What are the small subdivisions of a bronchus ?
Bronchioles
What is the dome shaped muscle that contracts during inhalation ?
Diaphragm
How does oxygen move from the lungs into the blood ?
Diffusion
What cartilage makes up the Adam's apple?
Thyroid
What are the 3 main functions of the digestive system ?
Digestion, absorption, elimination
What is the outermost layer of the digestive system ?
Serosa membrane
What is the tube that transports food into the stomach ?
Esophagus
What is the muscular ring that regulates the size of an opening ?
Sphincter
What is the first part of the small intestine ?
Duodenum
What muscular organs stores bile ?
Gallbladder
The organ that receives food flowing through the pyloric sphincter is called ___________?
Stomach
What is the appendix attached to ?
Cecum
What part of the large intestine empties into the rectum ?
Sigmoid colon
Where are most nutrients absorbed ?
Small intestine
Urine moves from the kidneys to the bladder through the ________?
Ureters
What is the funnel shaped basin forming the upper end of the ureter is _______________?
Renal pelvis
What is the average daily urine output ?
1-1.5 L
The thirst mechanism is controlled by the __________?
Hypothalamus
The microscopic structure in the kidney that forms iron is ________?
Nephron
What is the cluster of capillaries within the glomerular capsule ?
Glomerulus
What sac are the testes located in ?
Scrotum
What gland surrounds the urethra & contracts to aid in ejaculation ?
Prostate gland
What sex steroid induces the development of male secondary sex characteristics ?
Testosterone
Most menopausal symptoms reflect a deficiency in what ovarian hormone ?
Estrogen
What hormone does the emergency contraceptive pill have ?
Progesterone
What is the lower narrow region of the uterus ?
Cervix