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Aaron IB Psychology HL Qualitative Definitions from Mr. Foley
Terms in this set (49)
Gathering information from more than one perspective to generate enough evidence to make valid claims.
Combining multiple methods to gather data, such as interview, observations and surveys.
The gathering of data at different times to ensure that the time frame is not the specific reason for research results.
When more than one observer is used to create stronger claims or evidence.
When different locations and cultures are used to make sure that the area is not the specific reason for the results.
When two or more similar theories support each other.
Using different sources of information in order to increase the validity of a study.
When participants respond to initial forms of data such as preliminary interviews to check their accuracy. The initial data is then given to an informant to check the authenticity of the work.
The application of results outside of a psychological study.
When findings from a study can be applied to populations outside the study.
When findings of a study can be applied to settings/situations outside of the study.
When theoretical concepts derived from a study can be used to develop further theory.
Extremely detailed descriptions which help the reader of a study consider the extent to which the conditions of the data collection are similar to those in other settings.
When the findings of the research reflect the intended meaning of the participant and results are believable.
Analysis of oneself as a researcher to find any bias within oneself. Researchers are aware that their own biases affect the construction of meanings throughout the research process.
The participant's ideas of the research can affect the trustworthiness of the data.
When the researchers own biases and ideas influence the research process and conclusions.
Change in behaviour according to what the participant thinks the researcher supposedly wants.
An unstructured, in-depth interview where the participant tells their story and the researcher listens with no pre-structured questions. It is used to obtain the stories people employ to interpret their lives.
There are no set questions and the participant is given the opportunity to raise whatever topic they feel like, relevant or not.
Interview with pre-set topic but in which a natural conversation is attempted. The researcher can guide the participant back to the main topic at hand.
The questions are asked in a set order and the interviewer will not deviate from the interview schedule or probe beyond the answers received.
Interview where more than 3 people who share similar experiences are placed in a group with a researcher to discuss a topic.
The procedure according to which a translator interprets a document previously translated into another language back to the original language. Usually this process is made by a translator who has not been previously involved in the project and who has no prior knowledge of the objectives or its specific context.
A five or seven point scale which is used to allow the participant to express how much they agree or disagree with a statement.
The extent to which the conclusions of a research study can be generalized to the settings and situations in which the phenomenon that the researcher is studying would naturally occur.
Sample of participants chosen to benefit the study.
Word for word transcription, usually of interviews.
Making either notes or video so that non-verbal components (e.g. hand movement) of a participant can be recorded.
Inductive content analysis
Drawing conclusions from data on what occurs the most. For example, themes (common in qualitative research).
The process of writing down your findings.
When the researcher looks for specific behavioural traits in participants and gathers data systematically.
When the researcher observes with some general ideas, but not of what will specifically be observed.
When the researcher records the behaviour they can see.
When the researcher carefully and objectively analyses the content of their own thoughts and biases.
The observer decides in advance that the observation will take place only during specified time periods.
When participants know that they are being observed.
When participants don't know that they are being observed or don't realize that they are.
Sample of participants who are available at the given moment.
When the gathering of study-relevant participants leads to the accumulation of more relevant participants, especially in a low population sample (i.e. drug abusers).
Group of participants selected from a larger population that closely matches the characteristics of the population as a whole.
The researcher identifies the different types of people that make up the target population and works out the proportions needed for the sample to be representative.
When the researcher interacts with the participants but also observes them.
When the researcher is not participating but still observing.
Method of observing the participant in their normal environment.
In-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Typically, data is gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. observations & interviews). The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen.
Intrinsic case studies
Exploratory in nature, and the researcher is guided by their interest in the case itself rather than in extending theory or generalizing across cases.
Instrumental case studies
Examine how individual or group experiences fit with a larger theory, they are more easily generalizable.
Data collection tool used to gather information about individuals. Surveys are commonly used in psychology research to collect self-report data from study participants.
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