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30 terms

AP Us History chapter 6

thirteen colonies
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Roanoke
-founded in 1585 by Sir Walter Raleigh-region: south-first British colony in north america
-failed because of food shortages and conflicts between Native Americans and Spanish
- settlers mysteriously disappeared
Jamestown, Virginia
-founded in 1607 by John Smith-region: south-religion: anglican-economy: tobacco -government: royal
What John Smith did to improve Jamestown
-bargained with Powhatan Indians for food
-"no work, no food" rule
Headright
The Virginia Company offered 50 acres of land to whoever could pay their own transportation to the colonies
Indentured Servant
person who worked for no wages for 4-7 years for transportation to colonies
House of Burgesses
-1619
-male representatives met with the governor to make laws for Jamestown
-first representative government in English colonies
Representative Government
government where voters elect representatives to make laws
Voting Rights
by 1723 only white male property owners could vote
Maryland
-founded in 1634 by Lord Baltimore
-region: middle
-religion: Catholic
-government: proprietary
-economics: tobacco
Act of Toleration
created in Maryland to allow only Christian faiths, attracted Catholics to Maryland
Georgia
--founded in 1733 by James Oglethorpe
-region: south
-religion: anglican
-government: royal
-economics: rice, but mainly used as a buffer colony to protect Carolinas and a place to put debtors
Plymouth
-founded in 1620 by William Bradford
-region: north
-religion: Puritan
-government: charter
-economics: farming
Mayflower Compact
-1620
-made laws to benefit the whole settlement
-first form of self-government in the Americas
Massachusetts Bay
-founded in 1628 by John Winthrop
-region: north
-religion: Puritan
-government: charter
-economics: farming, fishing, shipbuilding
Puritans used witches as scapegoats for...
-stress
-smallpox
-Native Americans
-belief in the devil
Connecticut
-founded in 1635 (1636?) by Thomas Hooker
-region: north
-religion: Puritan
-government: charter
-economics: mixed farming
Rhode Island
-founded in 1636 (1635?)by Roger Williams
-region:north
-religion: none
-government: charter
-economics: mixed farming
Pennsylvania
-founded in 1681 by William Penn
-region: middle
-religion: Quaker
-government: proprietary
-economics: wheat and farming
New York
-founded in 1613(1624?) by Dutch and Duke of York
-region: middle
-religion: Anglican
-government: proprietary, then royal
-economics: farming and furs
New Hampshire
-founded in 1623 by John Mason
-region: north
-religion: Puritan and congregational
-government: charter, then royal
-economics: farming
Delaware
-founded in 1638 by Swedes
-region: middle
-religion: none
-government: proprietary
-economics: ship building and farming
North Carolina
-founded in 1653 by Virginians
-region: south
-religion: Anglican
-government: proprietary
-economics: rice, tobacco, lumber
New Jersey
-founded in 1664 by Berkeley
-region: middle
-religion: none
-government: proprietary
-economics: farming
South Carolina
-founded in 1670 by Eight Nobles
-region: south
-religion:Anglican
-government: proprietary
-economics: mainly rice (but also tobacco and indigo...)
New England Colonies
-deep harbors
-lumber
-fishing
-subsistence farming
-Puritans
-family was center of life
Middle Colonies
-fertile soil ("bread colonies")
-deep harbors for shipping
-ethnically mixed
-religious tolerance
-less aristocracy (economic/social democracy)
Plantation Colonies (South)
-slavery
-agricultural production of rice and tobacco
-slow rivers
-religious tolerance
-soil butchery
-large plantations prevented the formation of large cities
English dissenters
-Puritans, Separatists, Catholics
-Thomas Hooker, Roger Williams, Anne Hutchinson
The Great Awakening
-religion less popular
-Jonathan Edwards preached that salvation depended on god's grace
-George Whitefield used his oration skills to spread Edward's beliefs
-creation of Universities
JohnPeter Zenger Trial
-newspaper editor criticized a corrupt governor
-jury found him not guilty
-freedom of press to criticize politicians publicly