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Chapter 4 Section 2 Women Make Progress
Terms in this set (21)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
was an American social activist, abolitionist, and leading figure of the early woman's movement. Her Declaration of Sentiments, presented at the first women's rights convention held in 1848 in Seneca Falls, New York, is often credited with initiating the first organized woman's rights and woman's suffrage movements in the United States
First Women's Rights convention in the USA . Start of the women's rights movement in the USA. The Declaration of Sentimnts and Resolutions. The purpose was to let th world know that they wanted equality NOW.
Susan B. Anthony
Traveled the USA AND EUROPE GIVING 100S OF SPEECHES ON WOMEENS RIGHTS. VP and later the president of the NWSA. was arrested in 1872 for voting in the presidential election... used trial to spread women's rights/ suffrage message.
Carrie Chapman Catt
Raised a lot of funds for the cause. She became head of the National American Woman Suffrage, an inspiried speaker and abrilliant organizer.
- Raised $ and attention demanding an amendment allowing women to vote. Head of the National Woman's party that campaigned for an equal rights amendment to the Constitution.
- Endorsed radical measures such as:
1. Calling president out in press
2. Picketing the White House
3. Hunger Strike
- Her actions brought increased media attention to the cause of Women's suffrage
founder of modern birth control movement
opened the 1st birth control clinic in th US (1916)
coined term birth control
efforts would lead to the legalization of contraception
Griswold vs Connecticut 1965
prohibits any United States citizen to be denied the right to vote based on sex. It was ratified on August 18, 1920.
The Constitution allows states to determine the qualifications for voting, and until the 1910s most states disenfranchised women. The amendment was the culmination of the women's suffrage movement, which fought at both state and national levels to achieve the vote.
the right to vote
Muller v. Oregon
a landmark decision in United States Supreme Court history, as it relates to both sex discrimination and labor laws. The case upheld Oregon state restrictions on the working hours of women as justified by the special state interest in protecting women's health. It capped women's working hours to ten hours.
Nation American Woman Suffrage Association
The organization, formed in 1890, that coordinated the ultimately successful campaign to achieve women's right to vote. Carrie Chapman Catt was the President.
Women's Christian Temperance Union (WCTU)
A group of women who advocated total abstinence from alcohol and who worked to get laws passed against alcohol.
Progressive reformer active from 1886 to 1920; she help found the National Consumers League (NCL). She also help form the Women's Trade Union League. She worked in state and federal government for laws on child labor, workplace safety, and consumer protection
National Consumers League (NCL)
NCL gave special labels to "goods produced under fair, safe, and healthy working conditions" and urged women to buy them and avoid products that did not have these labels.
Women's Trade Union League (WTUL)
Tried to improve the conditions for female factory workers. It pushed for federal laws that set a minimum wage and an eight-hour workday. It also created the first workers' strike fund, which could be used to help support families who refused to work in unsafe or unfair conditions.
Ida B. Wells
A black teacher, helped form the National Association of Colored Women (NACW) She helped families who were struggling.
National Association of Colored Women (NACW)
It helped families who were less fortunate. and set up day-care centers to protect and educate black children while their parents went to work.
1. Women lobbied Congress to pass a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote.
2. Women used the referendum process to try to pass state suffrage laws.
National Association Opposed to Woman Suffrage (NAOWS)
Believed that the effort to win the vote would take women's attention away from family and volunteer work that benefited society in many ways.
National Woman's Party
Founded by Alice Paul that used aggressive strategies that marched on Washington and picketed. The group also refused to eat and went on hanger strikes.
Prohibition amendment that outlawed alcohol.
This movement attempted to dissuade people from becoming intoxicated
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