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32 terms

Sociology Test 2.6

Sociology Vocab.6
STUDY
PLAY
bureaucracy
type of organization marked by a clear hierarchy of authority, and the existence of written rules of procedure and staffed by full time, salaried officials
corporate culture
an organizational culture involving rituals, events, or traditions that are unique to a specific company
dyad
a group consisting of 2 persons
formal organization
means by which a group is rationally designed to achieve its objectives, often by means of explicit rules, regulations, and procedures
formal relations
relations that exist in groups and organizations, laid down by the norms, or rules, of the official system of authority
groupthink
a process by which the members of a group ignore ways of thinking and plans of action that go against the group concensus
human resouce management
a style of management that regards a company's work force as vital to its economic competiveness
ideal type
a "pure type" constructed by emphasizing certain traits of a social item that do not necessarily exist in reality
informal relations
relations that exist in groups and organizations developed on the basis of personal connections; ways of doing things that depart from formally recognized modes of procedure
information technology
forms of technology based on info. processing and requiring microelectronic circuitry
in-groups
groups toward which one feels particular loyalty and respect- "we"
international govermental organization (IGO)
an international organization established by treaties between gov.s for purposes of conducting business between member nations
international nongovernmental organizations (INGO)
an international organization est. by agreements tween the individuals or private organizations making up its membership
iron law of oligarchy
term coined by Weber's student Robert Michels meaning that large organizations tend toward centralization of power, making democracy difficult
leader
a person who is able to influence the behavior of other members of a group
networks
sets of informal and formal social ties that link pepole to each other
oligarchy
rule by a small minority within an organization or society
organization
large group of individuals w/ a definite set of authority relations
out-groups
groups toward which one feels antagonism and contempt "those people"
primary groups
groups that are characterized by intense emotional ties, face-to-face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment
reference groups
a group that provides a standard for judging one's attitudes or behaviors
secondary groups
groups characterized by large size and by impersonal, fleeting relationships
social aggregate
a simple collection of people who happen to be together in a particular place but do not significantly interact or identify with one another
social capital
the social knowledge and connections that enable people to accomplish their goals and extend their influence
social category
people who share a common characteristic but do not necessarily interact or identify w/ one another
social group
collection of people who regularlu interact w/ one another on the basis of shared expectations concerning behavior and who share a common sense of identity
surveillance
the supervising of the activities of some individuals or groups by others in order to ensure compliant behavior
surveillance society
term referring to how info. about our lives and activities is maintained by organizations.
timetables
the means by which organizations regularize activities across time and space
transactional leaders
leaders who are concerned w/ accomplishing the group's tasks, getting group members to do their jobs, and making certain that the group achieves its goals
transformational leaders
leaders who are able to instill in the members a sense of mission or higher purpose, thereby changing the nature of the group itself
triad
group of 3 persons