Chapter 2: Origins of American Government Vocabulary
2.1 Our Political Beginnings 2.2 The Coming of Independence 2.3 The Critical Period 2.4 Creating the Constitution 2.5 Ratifying the Constitution
Terms in this set (26)
States that government is restricted in what it may do, and each individual has rights that government cannot take away.
System of government in which public policies are made by officials selected by the voters and held accountable in periodic elections.
Established that the power of the monarchy was not absolute and guaranteed trial by jury and due process of law to the nobility.
Petition of Right
Challenged the idea of the divine right of kings and declared that even the monarch was subject to the laws of the land.
English Bill of Rights
Designed to prevent abuse of power by English monarchs; forms the basis for much in American government and politics today.
A city's basic law, its constitution; a written grant of authority from the king.
A legislative body composed of two chambers.
Organized by a proprietor (a person to whom the king had made a grant of land).
A legislative body with one chamber.
A joining of several groups for a common purpose.
Albany Plan of Union
Plan that aimed to unite the 13 colonies for trade, military, and other purposes.
Refusal to buy or sell certain products or services.
To recall, cancel, withdraw, or nullify.
Principle of the American system of government which asserts that the people are the source of any and all governmental power, and government can exist only with the consent of the governed.
Articles of Confederation
Established "a firm league of friendship" among the States, but allowed few important powers to the central government.
Formal approval, final consent to the effectiveness of a constitution, constitutional amendment, or treaty.
Chair who would be in charge.
Group of delegates who drafted the United States Constitution at the Philadelphia Convention in 1787.
Called for a three-branch government with a bicameral legislature in which each State's membership would be determined by its population or its financial support for the central government.
New Jersey Plan
Called for a unicameral legislature in which each State would be equally represented.
Agreement during the Constitutional Convention that Congress should be composed of a Senate, in which States would be represented equally, and a House, in which representation would be based on a State's population.
An agreement at the Constitutional Convention to count a slave as three-fifths of a person when determining the population of a State.
Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise
An agreement during the Constitutional Convention protecting slave holders; denied Congress the power to tax the export of goods from any State, and, for 20 years, the power to act on the slave trade.
Those persons who supported the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
Those persons who opposed the ratification of the Constitution in 1787-1788.
Least number of members who must be present for a legislative body to conduct business; majority.