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CHAPTER 12, 13, 14
Terms in this set (27)
An organized group that attempts to influence government by electing its members to office.
The process by which political parties select their candidates for election to public office.
A primary election in which voters can participate in the nomination of only those candidates of the party in which they have been enrolled for a period of time before primary day.
A primary election in which voters can choose on the day of the primary which party to enroll in to select candidates for the general election.
The party that holds the majority of legislative seats in either the House or the Senate.
An individual voter's psychological ties to one party or another.
A partisan who contributes time, energy, and effort to support a party and its candidates.
A distinctive pattern of voting behavior reflecting the differences in views between women and men.
A normally closed meeting of a political or legislative group to select candidates, plan strategy, or make decisions regarding legislative matters.
In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, a local party organization that controlled local politics through patronage and the nomination process.
A party that organizes to compete against the two major American political parties.
An electorate that is allowed to elect only one representative from each district—the typical method of representation in the United States.
An electorate that selects several candidates at large from an entire district, with each voter given the number of votes equivalent to the number of seats to be filled.
An organized group of individuals or organizations that makes policy-related appeals to government.
The theory that all interests are and should be free to compete for influence in the government. The outcome of this competition is compromise and moderation.
Private groups that raise and distribute funds for use in election campaigns.
Special newsletters, periodicals, training programs, conferences, and other information provided to members of groups to entice others to join.
Special goods, services, or money provided to members of groups to entice others to join
Selective benefits of group membership that emphasize friendship, networking, and consciousness-raising.
Selective benefits of group membership that emphasize the purpose and accomplishments of the group.
An attempt by a group to influence the policy process through persuasion of government officials.
The act of launching a media campaign to build popular support.
A process by which citizens may petition to place a policy proposal on the ballot for public vote.
equal time rule
The requirement that broadcasters provide candidates for the same political office an equal opportunity to communicate their messages to the public.
right of rebuttal
An FCC regulation giving individuals the right to have the opportunity to respond to personal attacks made on a radio or TV broadcast.
An FCC requirement that broadcasters who air programs on controversial issues provide time for opposing views.
An effort by a government agency to block the publication of material it deems libelous or harmful in some other way; censorship. In the United States, the courts forbid prior restraint except under the most extraordinary circumstances.
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