10 terms

AP Lit Vocab Week 3

STUDY
PLAY
Aphorism
a terse statement of a principle or truth, usually an observation about life; a maxim
Apologue
any story, short or long, designed to illustrate the truth of a statement. The statement may be a moral lesson, or it might be a philosophical conclusion, a fable, an allegory, or a parable
Apostrophe
the device, usually in poetry, of calling out to an imaginary, dead, or absent person, or to a place, thing, or personified abstraction either to begin a poem or to make a dramatic break in thought somewhere within the poem
Archetype
a pattern or model of an action (such as lamenting the dead), a character type (rebellious youth), or an image (paradise as garden) that recurs consistently enough in life and literature to be considered universal
Assonance
the close repetition of middle vowel sounds between different consonant sounds: fade/pale
Baroque
possessing a grand and exuberantly ornamental style
Bathos
excessive sentimentally or ludicrousness. It's produced by an unsuccessful attempt to elicit pity or sorrow from the reader
Bildungsroman
a German word that, translated literally, means "development novel." The term is applied to a novel that traces the early education of its hero from youth to experience. A novel telling the story of an artist's development is a type of this known as a Kunstlerroman
Biographical fallacy
the error of relying on an understanding of an author's life as the chief means of analyzing and interpreting his or her work
Black humor
humorous effects resulting largely from grotesque, morbid, or macabre situations dealing with a horrifying and disoriented world