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Science Chapter 6 (7 Hills)

Vocab for Chapter 6 in science book.
STUDY
PLAY
heredity
the passing of traits from parents to offspring
dominant trait
a trait in the first generation of parents with different traits; most common
recessive trait
a trait that reappears in the second generation of parents with different traits; less common
gene
a set of instructions for an inherited trait
allele
an alternative form of a gene that governs a characteristic
phenotype
an organism's appearance
probability
the mathematical chance that something will happen
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes that are exactly the same in genes and structure
diploid
a cell that has two haploid sets of chromosomes
haploid
a cell, nucleus, or organism with one set of unpaired chromosomes
meiosis
a process in cell division when the chromosome amount halves by two nuclear divisions which produces gametes
genotype
the genetic make-up of a living organism