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NCEA English Level 2 Language Terms (Revised)
Key language and terminology for NCEA English Level 2
Terms in this set (35)
Metaphor: 'Many had lost there boots but limped on, bloodshod
comparing to unlike things without using like or as
Simile : As under a green sea, I saw him drowning?
a comparison using like or as
Personification: The monstrous anger of the guns
An object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes
Alliteration: 'Rifles' rapid rattle'
using of the same consonant sound to start a series of words
Onomatopoeia blood come gargling ...
a word that imitates the sound it represents
Emotive Language: 'The cruelty was abhorrent
words used deliberately to create an emotional impact
Rhetorical Question: What else is a woman to do on hills as wretched as these?
a statement that is formulated as a question but that is not supposed to be answered
Imperative / Command: 'Take note"
A sentence which contains an order
Direct Address: You would not tell, with such high zest
speaking directly to the audience, using pronouns or commands
The opposite of what is said is implied OR a consequence opposed to what was desired
Assonance: ...Hoots of gas shells dropping softly ...
the repetition of similar vowel sounds in a series of words
Consonance: '..rattle can patter out a hasty ...'
the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words
Oxymoron: Cold fire
conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')
Colloquialism 'She'll be right ...
a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation
Cliche: Love at first sight
an expression that has been overused to the extent that its freshness has worn off
the feelings or emotions surrounding a word
Sensual Imagery 'the cud of vile incurable sores on innocent tongues'
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Symbol: Statue of Christ the Redeemer in R & J symbolising fate
an object that is used to represent something else (usually a larger, philosophical and more important idea)
Motif: Water and Fire in Romeo and Juliet
The repetition or variations of an image or idea in a work used to develop theme or characters
Minor sentence 'Not one.'
A meaningful sentence which does not contain a finite verb. It may also lack a subject. Minor sentences occur in everyday conversation. E.g. 'Tired?'
Euphemism 'Friendly Fire'
The substitution of a relatively inoffensive term for one that is considered too harsh, unpleasant, or blunt
Hyperbole: 'I'd rather stare at a brick wall'
Exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor
Pathetic Fallacy: Bored character = overcast, foggy day
The weather parallels the emotions of a character in a text.
Imagery: 'The water ran purple and gold in the thickening dusk'
The use of language to evoke a picture or a concrete sensation of a person, thing, place, or experience
Parallel Construction: We will fight them on the beaches. We will fight them etc etc
Wording points in the same way to emphasize their importance and to help the audience remember them
Repetition Never give in. Never, never, never, never, never.
repeated use of sounds, words, or ideas for effect and emphasis
Understatement: The deaths were unfortunate.
the opposite of exaggeration. It is a technique for developing irony and/or humor where one writes or says less than intended.
Listing 'Short, tall, round, wide, skinny, lean or covered in spots.'
the act of making a list of items
Sarcasm: What a great idea (Said with a sneer)
saying the opposite of what you mean in an obvious and unpleasant manner
Sibilance: Sadness seeped silently
A type of alliteration in which the "s" sound is repeated.
Antithesis "To be or not to be . . ." "It was
the best of times; it was the worst of times . . ." "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your
the presentation of two contrasting ideas. The ideas are balanced by phrase, clause, or paragraphs.
a writer's or speaker's choice of words
a metaphor which extends over several lines or sentences
The attitude of the writer towards the subject matter of the text
the emotional atmosphere of a work
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