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counting numbers

all the numbers in the sequence 1, 2, 3, 4, and so on

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sequence

a following of one thing after another in time

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term

a number, a variable, or the product of a number and a variable

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whole numbers

counting numbers and zero

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digits

the symbols used to write numbers: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, or 9

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community property of addition

a+b=b+a

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addends

numbers that are added together

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expanded form

the form of a number that shows the value of each digit;

Ex. 300,000+40,000+5,000+700+20

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difference

the answer to a subtraction problem

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inverse operation

Opposite operations that undo each other; add and subtract or multiply and divide

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fact family

A group of three numbers related by addition and subtraction or by multiplication and division.

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ordinal numbers

numbers that describe position or order (first, second . . .)

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identity property of addition

Adding zero to any number will not change the number. Example: 6 + 0 = 6.

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algorithm

a step-by-step procedure for solving a problem

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even

a whole number that is divisible by 2

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odd

a whole number that is not divisible by two

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integers

Positive and Negative Whole Numbers and 0. Examples: .... -3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3.....(Does not include fractions or decimals)

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equation

A mathematical sentence that contains an equals sign.

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geometry

mathematics dealing with lines, angles, surfaces, and solids

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line

a straight collections of points extending in opposite directions without end

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line segment

part of a line with two endpoints

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ray

(mathematics) a straight line extending from a point

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horizontal

Going straight across from side to side

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vertical

upright; perpendicular to horizontal

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oblique

slanted or sloping; not horizontal or vertical

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number line

A line for representing and graphing numbers. Eachpoint on the line corresponds to a number.

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negative numbers

numbers less than zero and to the left of zero on a number line

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tally marks

small marks used for counting with the largest group being a group of five

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multiples

Products that result from multiplying the number by each of the whole numbers. Ex) 6: 6, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36...

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factors

Numbers that are multiplied together to get a product

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product

a quantity obtained by multiplication

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communitive property

States you can add or multiply in any order

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property of zero for multiplication

zero times any number is zero

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identity property of multiplication

the product of any number and 1 is equal to the original number (a x 1 = a)

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division

an arithmetic operation that is the inverse of multiplication

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dividend

the number being divided

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quotient

the answer to a division problem

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denominator

the bottom number in a fraction, the part of a fraction below the line, which tells how many equal parts there are in the whole or in the group.

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numerator

the part of a fraction above the line, which tells how many parts are being counted.

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division algorithm

This is the method for solving division problems with the following steps: divide, multiply, subtract, bring down (26)

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a.m.

ante meridiem, before noon

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p.m.

after noon, post meridiem

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century

a period of 100 years

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scale

a type of number line used for measuring

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Celsius

Metric unit for measuring temperature; On this scale water freezes at zero and boils at 100.

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Fahrenheit

A temperature scale with the freezing point of water 32 degrees and the boiling point of 212 degrees is also known as,

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leap year

a year in which an extra day is added to the calendar, year that has an extra day; occurs every fourth year

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common year

A year with 365 days

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decade

a period of 10 years

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millenium

a period of one thousand years

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percent

A ratio that compares a number to 100

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parallel lines

lines that never intersect

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perpendicular

intersect and form right angles

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angle

opening between intersecting lines or segments

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right angle

like a corner of a square

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acute angle

angle with opening less than right angle

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obtuse angle

angle with oppening greater than right angle

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straight angle

angle open to form a straight line

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plane

flat surface that extends without end

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polygons

a closed figure, all straight lines, and no intersecting lines

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vertex

A point where two or more straight lines meet.

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sides

sideslines segments on a polygon

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quadrilateral

a four-sided polygon

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congruent

having the same size and shape

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similar

having the same or similar characteristics

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exact numbers

numbers which always have the same value regardless of who measures them

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round numbers

refers to numbers ending with one or more zeros

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elapsed time

is the amount of time between two points in time

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acute triangle

a triangle with 3 acute angles

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obtuse triangle

a triangle that contains an obtuse interior angle

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right triangle

a triangle with one right angle

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equilateral triangle

a triangle with three congruent sides

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isoceles triangle

a triangle that has at least 2 congruent sides

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scalene triangle

a triangle with no congruent sides

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mixed numbers

A whole number and a fraction together.

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degrees

a unit for measuring angles

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protractor

an instrument for drawing/measuring angles

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common denominators

Denominators that are the same

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international system of units

A REVISED VERSION OF THE METRIC SYSTEM

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metric system

the basic unitof length in the metricsystemis a meter

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U.S. Customary System

Units in the U.S.Customary System are not related by the number 10

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