apush vocab 1
Terms in this set (58)
first permanent English settlement in mainland America, established in 1607 by the Virginia Company and named in honor of King James I.
the "starving time"
Settlers in Jamestown weren't used to working so that they could eat and so they began to starve. Some resorted to canibilism and others joined nearby tribes.
Joint-Stock Company in London that received a charter for land in the new world. Charter guarantees new colonists same rights as people back in England.
lord de la warr
New governor of Jamestown who arrived in 1610, immediately imposing a military regime in Jamestown and declaring war against the Powhatan Confederacy. Employed "Irish tactics" in which his troops burned houses and cornfields.
captian john smith
took control of Jamestown in 1608, forced settlers to work harder to build better housing, formed an alliance with Powhatan
Indian chief and founder of the Powhatan confederacy of tribes in eastern Virginia
The daughter of Powhatan, who helped ease tensions between the Native Americans and the settlers at Jamestown. She later married John Rolfe.
He was one of the English settlers at Jamestown (and he married Pocahontas). He discovered how to successfully grow tobacco in Virginia and cure it for export, which made Virginia an economically successful colony.
Headrights were parcels of land consisting of about 50 acres which were given to colonists who brought indentured servants into America. They were used by the Virginia Company to attract more colonists.
result of the disagreement between Henry VIII and the Pope, created the Church of England or Anglican Church which was separate from the Catholic Church, still left little room for religious freedom
"the great migration" 1620-1633
when tons of people came to the amaricas to be an indentured servent and reseave land when they finisted
A member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more "pure" way.
church of england (anglican)
instigated by Henry VIII; broke off of Catholic church because of his marriage denial
house of burgesses
1619 - The Virginia House of Burgesses formed, the first legislative body in colonial America. Later other colonies would adopt houses of burgesses.
A colony under the direct control of a monarch
title was Lord Baltimore; founded Maryland as a haven for Catholics
an unincorporated business owned by a single person who is responsible for its liabilities and entitled to its profits
maryland toleration act
First law granting protection for all Christian religious groups.
colonists who received free passage to North America in exchange for working without pay for a certain number of years
gov. william berkeley
a Governor of Virginia, appointed by King Charles I, of whom he was a favorite. He was governor from 1641-1652 and 1660-1677. Berkeley enacted friendly policies towards the Indians that led to Bacon's Rebellion in 1676.
Planter who led a rebellion in 1676 against the governor of the Virginia Colony and indentured servants
Group of English Protestant dissenters who established Plymouth Colony in Massachusetts in 1620 to seek religious freedom after having lived briefly in the Netherlands.
the people in the colony that were going to heaven
This document was drafted in 1620 prior to settlement by the Pilgrims at Plymouth Bay in Massachusetts. It declared that the 41 males who signed it agreed to accept majority rule and participate in a government in the best interest of all members of the colony. This agreement set the precedent for later documents outlining commonwealth rule.
Native American who helped the English colonists in Massachusetts develop agricultural techniques and served as an interpreter between the colonists and the Wampanoag.
MA bay colony
Pilgrims arrive with charter from James I, company members vote to transfer here for self-gov.; 1,000 settlers plant settlements.
As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Winthrop (1588-1649) was instrumental in forming the colony's government and shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present-day Boston, as a "city upon a hill" from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world.
(Bible) an agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return
quakers (society of friends)
religious group that arose in England in the mid 1600s who were politically and religiously offensive to officials
a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul
A Quaker that founded Pennsylvania to establish a place where his people and others could live in peace and be free from persecution.
founded Georgia as acolonyfor debtors
English philosopher who advocated the idea of a "social contract" in which government powers are derived from the consent of the governed and in which the government serves the people; also said people have natural rights to life, liberty and property.
two treatises on government (1691)
This book, published by John Locke, attacks the divine right of kings (using scripture) in the "First Treatise". The "Second Treatise" contains ideas that were somewhat radical at the time, but are essentially what the United States were founded on: all people are created equal, and any government depends on the consent of the governed, who have a right to overthrow and unjust government.
atlantic trading system
A three triangle trading system on which Africa, Europe, North America, and the West Indies depended on.
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
British regulations designed to protect British shipping from competition. Said that British colonies could only import goods if they were shipped on British-owned vessels and at least 3/4 of the crew of the ship were British
A Puritan minister who led about 100 settlers out of Massachusetts Bay to Connecticut because he believed that the governor and other officials had too much power. He wanted to set up a colony in Connecticut with strict limits on government.
fundamental orders of CT
Set up a unified government for the towns of the Connecticut area (Windsor, Hartford, and Wethersfield). First constitution written in America.
new england towne meetings
Democratic style of government, if on small scale. Towns and cities grew around gathering places, and allowed mass participation in politics.
rev. increase mather
Put an end to the mass hysteria of the witch trials. Remaining people in jail were released or found innocent
rev. cotton mather
minister, part of Puritan New England important families, a sholar, one of first americans to pemote vaccination of smallpox when it was believed to be dangerous, strongly believed on witches, encouraged witch trials in salem
salem witch trials
Several accusations of witchcraft led to sensational trials in Salem, Massachusetts at which Cotton Mather presided as the chief judge. 18 people were hanged as witches. Afterwards, most of the people involved admitted that the trials and executions had been a terrible mistake.
it allowed people who were puritans and married someone who waznt and had a child the child could be baptised.
She preached the idea that God communicated directly to individuals instead of through the church elders. She was forced to leave Massachusetts in 1637. Her followers (the Antinomianists) founded the colony of New Hampshire in 1639.
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State. He believed that the Puritans were too powerful and was ordered to leave the Massachusetts Bay Colony for his religious beliefs.
means "anti law"; name applied to many different views that deny the importance of God's law to the Christian's life
first great awakening
The First Great Awakening was a time of religious fervor during the 1730s and 1740s. The movement arose in reaction to the rise of skepticism and the waning of religious faith brought about by the Enlightenment. Protestant ministers held revivals throughout the English colonies in America, stressing the need for individuals to repent and urging a personal understanding of truth.
American theologian whose sermons and writings stimulated a period of renewed interest in religion in America (1703-1758)
One of the preachers of the great awakening (key figure of "New Light"); known for his talented voice inflection and ability to bring many a person to their knees.
evangelists or the leaders of the revivalist beliefs during the Great Awakening.
Orthodox clergymen who were deeply skeptical of the emotionalism and the antics of the Great Awakening.
the belief in government by divine guidance
The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
The Indian Tribe that first encountered the Pilgram colonists in New England
king philip's war
1675 - A series of battles in New Hampshire between the colonists and the Wompanowogs, led by a chief known as King Philip. The war was started when the Massachusetts government tried to assert court jurisdiction over the local Indians. The colonists won with the help of the Mohawks, and this victory opened up additional Indian lands for expansion.
Parris's slave from Barbados; first accused witch
a philosophical movement of the 18th century, characterized by belief in the power of human reason and by innovations in political, religious, and educational doctrine.
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
APUSH Unit 1 Vocab
APUSH Term Sheet 1
APUSH Unit 1 Vocabulary
APUSH Chapter 2
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
unit 9 vocab
unit 6 apush
apush vocab 4
apush vocab 3
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Supreme Court Case
UNIT 1 ( 1491 - 1607 )
APUSH Period 1 Test